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Labdanum is a brown resin that is derived from two shrubs namely Cistus ladanifer and Cistus creticus.
Domingues, Response surface optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis of Cistus ladanifer and Cytisus striatus for bioethanol production, Biochem.
Characterization and identification of field ectomycorrhizae of Boletus edulis and Cistus ladanifer. Mycologia.
A further factor is the absence of Cistus ladanifer, characteristic of cluster V with important cover values.
Most interestingly, Cistus ladanifer is one of the largest-flowered species in the Mediterranean area, with diameters that can exceed 10 cm (Arrington & Kubitzki, 2003; Teixido et al., 2011).
Simultaneous distillationextraction of high-value volatile compounds from Cistus ladanifer L.
Previous studies report that build-up of plant pathogens is one of the major causes in soil sickness in Cistus ladanifer (Hassan et al., 1989), peach (Benizri et al., 2005), cucumber (Yao et al., 2006), Rehmannia glutinosa (Chen et al., 2007), Liriope (Zhao et al., 2010), while autotoxicity has been reported to be one of the major causes in soil sickness in cucurbit crops (Yu et al., 2000), alfalfa (Segiun et al., 2002), Cistus ladanifer (Alias et al., 2006), cucumber (Yao et al., 2006) and wheat ( Wu et al., 2007).
Both sites are dominated by the following spontaneous shrub species, Cistus ladanifer, Halimium alyssoides, Pterospartum tridentatum and Erica australis.
Labdanum is a perfumed resin of Cistus ladanifer, a type of rock rose; Keay spells it ladanaum, which seems to be a misspelling of laudanum, an opiate not in use until the sixteenth century (26).