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A mountain, 1,410 m (4,623 ft) high, of southeast Greece. It was considered sacred to Dionysus and the Muses.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
So when in time a son was born the infant's feet were riveted together and he was left to die on Mount Cithaeron. But a shepherd found the babe and tended him, and delivered him to another shepherd who took him to his master, the King or Corinth.
494: They say that Teiresias saw two snakes mating on Cithaeron and that, when he killed the female, he was changed into a woman, and again, when he killed the male, took again his own nature.
We then hear of the women of Thebes, dancing and revelling on Mt Cithaeron which is outside Thebes.
The final cry of Agave as she leaves for exile--[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (79) (May neither Cithaeron see me, nor I Cithaeron with my eyes, 1384-5)--epitomizes the final collapse of the separation between subject and world: the defeated human character can only long to withdraw from seeing the world she has so badly misunderstood, and from being seen as part of it.
But oddly he does not ask this of the herdsman, despite having instructed Jocasta "to bring him" to be questioned about the murders and despite thinking him, upon the man's arrival, likely to be "the herdsman, / whom we were seeking" (OT 860, 1111).The Chorus also believes this man to be "none other than the peasant" in question, but defers to Jocasta's better knowledge (1052).Yet she never identifies him, and the herdsman states only that he was one of Laius's servants (it would be surprising were he not), "reared in his [Laius's] own house" but spending most of his life "among the flocks" at "Cithaeron and the places near to it" (1123-27).
Burian reads that the ending of OT is inconclusive because, although Oedipus declares that he would go for Cithaeron finally where his parents planned to kill him, there is a sense of ambiguity in his announcement, taking his speech, "But let my fate go wherever it is going" into consideration.
(25) Nietzsche is most at home in the mountains, as are Zarathustra (in Nietzsche's rendering), Dionysus (on Mount Cithaeron in The Bacchae) and Shiva (who lives on Mount Kailash).
Cithaeron on the walls of Venus's temple (1936-39), and he says that the Temple of Mars is painted like the god's temple in cold and desolate Thrace (1970-74), but his poem does not leave Athens.
Novak further, in commenting on Jocasta's murder of all her children ("swift and wild, / As a robb'd Tygress bounding o're the Woods [5.1.402-03]), points out that Dryden and Lee may have in mind Seneca's Oedipus, "where Jocasta's final entrance is marked by likening her to another Theban matron, Agave, who killed her son in a frenzy ..., and did so on the wooded slopes of Mount Cithaeron, where she and her fellow Bacchants roamed with and like animals [...]" (494 n.402-07).
The herdsman who comes to Pentheus from Mount Cithaeron, in The Bacchae, tells how the Theban women possessed by Dionysus take up serpents without being bitten and fire without being burned.