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 (sĭth′ər-ə, kĭth′-) also kith·a·ra (kĭth′-)
n. Music
An ancient instrument resembling the lyre.

[Latin, from Greek kitharā.]


(ˈsɪθərə) or


(Instruments) a stringed musical instrument of ancient Greece and elsewhere, similar to the lyre and played with a plectrum
[C18: from Greek kithara]


(ˈkɪθ ər ə)

also cithara

n., pl. -ras.
a lyrelike musical instrument of ancient Greece having a wooden soundbox.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Greek kithára lyre; compare guitar, zither]
References in periodicals archive ?
Topics include his astronomical interests; his business relationship with publisher Auguste Durand; his relationships with Jules Massenet, Vincent d'Indy, and Charles Lecocq; his performances; his involvement in the Societe Nationale, the Societe des Compositeurs, and the Societe des Concerts du Conservatoire de Paris; his travels; influences in his music, including Rameau's keyboard music and the lyres and citharas of antiquity; his advocacy for music education in elementary school; his silent film music; his thoughts on the future of music; and his piano concertos in comparison to Ravel's.
In 1112 the Polish Prince Zbigniew brought a group of musicians (simphonia musicorum) playing on citharas and drums to Bohemia.