colocynth

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col·o·cynth

 (kŏl′ə-sĭnth′)
n.
1. A tendril-bearing Old World vine (Citrullus colocynthis) bearing yellowish, green-mottled fruits the size of small lemons.
2. The fruit of this plant, whose dried, bitter, spongy pulp is a very strong laxative. In both senses also called bitter apple.

[Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē, round gourd.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

colocynth

(ˈkɒləsɪnθ)
n
1. (Plants) a cucurbitaceous climbing plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the Mediterranean region and Asia, having bitter-tasting fruit
2. (Pharmacology) the dried fruit pulp of this plant, used as a strong purgative
German name: bitter apple
[C17: from Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē gourd, of obscure origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

col•o•cynth

(ˈkɒl ə sɪnθ)

n.
1. Also called bitter apple. a Mediterranean and S Asian plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the gourd family, bearing a round, yellow or green fruit with a bitter pulp.
2. a drug derived from the pulp of the fruit, used as a purgative.
[1555–65; < Latin colocynthis < Greek kolokynthís, variant of kolókyntha bitter gourd]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Investigating the effects of Citrullus colocynthis pulp on oxidative stress in testes and epididymis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic male rats.
The herb section includes Neurada precumbens, cumin, Armenian cucumber, garlic, ginger, grapes, pumpkin, leek, lentil, mustard plant, onions, aloe vera, barley, chard, Citrullus colocynthis and Nigella sativa (black cumin).C1/4 C1/4C1/4
Azadirachta indica, Carallumafimbriata, Allium sativum, Curcuma longa, Citrullus colocynthis and Calotropisprocera in modifying the behavior of maize weevil in storage condition.
mopane Annual rainfall Shrubs zone (mm) 150-300 Calligonum polygonoides, Ziziphus nummularia, Citrullus colocynthis, Ziziphus mauritiana 300-400 Z.
Shams, "Topical Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apple) extract oil in painful diabetic neuropathy: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial," Journal of Diabetes, vol.
Effect of Gymnema sylvestre, Citrullus colocynthis and Artemisia absinthium on blood glucose and lipid profile in diabetic human.
Toxicity with this plant as well as Citrullus colocynthis Schrad (Cucurbitaceae), also known as bitter apple, has been reported in the south, center, and east of Iran.
7: Usage frequency of the most popular species in Er-Rich Rosmarinus officinalis 95 Thymus satureioides 74 Mentha suaveolens 63 Artemisia herba-alba 48 Foeniculum vulgare 39 Mentha pulegium 37 Peganum harmala 37 Chenopodium ambrosioides 25 Dittrichia viscosa 24 Citrullus colocynthis 23 Lactuca serriola 20 Juniperus phoenica 18 Capparis spinosa 14 Note: Table made from bar graph.
The six main local plant species that we have found and which can act against scorpion envenomations are: Hammada scoparia with a percentage of 74%; Artemisia herba-alba with 8%; Cotula cinerea and Citrullus colocynthis at 6%, Artemisia arborescens with 4% and Nicotiana tabacum with 2%; belonging to four botanical families (Table 1).
Citrullus colocynthis [Figure 8] are used for dog and insect bites, while Myrtus communis is used for scorpion stings.