civilian

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ci·vil·ian

 (sĭ-vĭl′yən)
n.
1.
a. A person who is not an active member of the military, the police, or a belligerent group in a conflict.
b. A person who is not an employee of the government: programs available to both government employees and civilians.
2. A specialist in Roman or civil law.
adj.
Of, relating to, or being a civilian or civilians: civilian clothes; a civilian career.

[Middle English, civil law judge, from Old French civilien, from civil, civil, from Latin cīvīlis; see civil.]

civilian

(sɪˈvɪljən)
n
(Military)
a. a person whose primary occupation is civil or nonmilitary
b. (as modifier): civilian life.
[C14 (originally: a practitioner of civil law): from civile (from the Latin phrase jūs cīvīle civil law) + -ian]

ci•vil•ian

(sɪˈvɪl yən)

n.
1. a person who is not on active duty with a military, naval, police, or firefighting organization.
2. a student of Roman or civil law.
adj.
3. of, pertaining to, formed by, or administered by civilians.
[1350–1400; student of civil law < Old French civilien]

civilian

- First a student or practitioner of civil law.
See also related terms for student.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civilian - a nonmilitary citizencivilian - a nonmilitary citizen    
citizen - a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
military man, serviceman, man, military personnel - someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force; "two men stood sentry duty"
Adj.1.civilian - associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military; "civilian clothing"; "civilian life"
military - associated with or performed by members of the armed services as contrasted with civilians; "military police"
Translations
مَدَنِيّموظف مُوَظَّ مَدَني، أحدُ المَدَنِيّين
civilistacivilní
civilistcivil
siviilisiviili-
אזרחי
civilcivilni
polgári egyén
óbreyttur borgari
民間の民間人
민간의민간인
civil
civilencivilist
civilcivilperson
เกี่ยวกับพลเรือนพลเรือน
thuộc thường dânthường dân

civilian

[sɪˈvɪlɪən]
A. ADJ (= non-military) → civil
in civilian clothesvestido/a de paisano or civil
there were no civilian casualtiesno hubo bajas entre la población civil
B. Ncivil mf

civilian

[sɪˈvɪljən]
adj (= non-military) [casualty] → civil(e); [population] → civil(e)
civilian clothes → tenue f civile
n (= non-soldier) → civil(e) m/f

civilian

nZivilist(in) m(f)
adjzivil, Zivil-; in civilian clothesin Zivil; civilian casualtiesVerluste plunter der Zivilbevölkerung

civilian

[sɪˈvɪlɪən]
1. adj (clothes, government) → civile, borghese; (life) → da civile, da borghese
2. ncivile m/f, borghese m/f

civil

(ˈsivl) adjective
1. polite, courteous.
2. of the state or community. civil rights.
3. ordinary; not military or religious. civil life.
4. concerned with law cases which are not criminal.
civilian (siˈviljən) noun
a person who has a civil job, not in the armed forces.
civility (siˈviləti) noun
politeness. Treat strangers with civility.
ˈcivilly adverb
politely.
ˌcivil deˈfence noun
(American civil defense) the organization responsible for protection of civilians from enemy bombing etc and for rescue operations after such attacks.
ˌcivil disoˈbedience noun
a refusal by a large number of people to pay taxes or obey certain laws in a nonviolent way in order to protest against the government, its policies etc.
civil engineerengineercivil liberties/rights
the rights of a citizen according to the law of the country.
civil servant
a member of the civil service.
civil service
the organization which runs the administration of a state.
civil war
(a) war between citizens of the same state. the American Civil War.

civilian

مَدَنِيّ civilista, civilní civil, civilist zivil, Zivilist πολίτης civil siviili, siviili- civil civil, civilni civile 民間の, 民間人 민간의, 민간인 burger, burger- sivil, sivilperson cywil, cywilny civil гражданское лицо, штатский civil, civilperson เกี่ยวกับพลเรือน, พลเรือน sivil thuộc thường dân, thường dân 平民, 民间的
References in classic literature ?
No,' returned Steerforth, 'the advocates are civilians - men who have taken a doctor's degree at college - which is the first reason of my knowing anything about it.
As we neared the city we discovered a mighty concourse of civilians and troops assembled upon the plain before the city.
Passepartout saw, too, begging friars, long-robed pilgrims, and simple civilians, with their warped and jet-black hair, big heads, long busts, slender legs, short stature, and complexions varying from copper-colour to a dead white, but never yellow, like the Chinese, from whom the Japanese widely differ.
My faith," said Aramis, "I must confess I feel a great repugnance to fire on these poor devils of civilians.
De la garde nationale Americaine = of the American national guard-- Cooper is here satirizing the pretensions and gaudy uniforms of civilians holding nominal commissions as "Colonels" of American state militias}
There are not such a very great number of civilians, and a deformed man was sure to have attracted attention.
Among civilians I am what they call in Scotland a ne'er-do-weel.
In the cities you will see a dozen civilians for every soldier, and as many for every priest or preacher.
Republics abound in young civilians, who believe that the laws make the city, that grave modifications of the policy and modes of living and employments of the population, that commerce, education, and religion, may be voted in or out; and that any measure, though it were absurd, may be imposed on a people if only you can get sufficient voices to make it a law.
The war became perforce a universal guerilla war, a war inextricably involving civilians and homes and all the apparatus of social life.
You could see tears glisten in the eyes of soldiers and civilians.
They are not trained to fight as soldiers,--they cannot fight as civilians.