civilian

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ci·vil·ian

 (sĭ-vĭl′yən)
n.
1.
a. A person who is not an active member of the military, the police, or a belligerent group in a conflict.
b. A person who is not an employee of the government: programs available to both government employees and civilians.
2. A specialist in Roman or civil law.
adj.
Of, relating to, or being a civilian or civilians: civilian clothes; a civilian career.

[Middle English, civil law judge, from Old French civilien, from civil, civil, from Latin cīvīlis; see civil.]

civilian

(sɪˈvɪljən)
n
(Military)
a. a person whose primary occupation is civil or nonmilitary
b. (as modifier): civilian life.
[C14 (originally: a practitioner of civil law): from civile (from the Latin phrase jūs cīvīle civil law) + -ian]

ci•vil•ian

(sɪˈvɪl yən)

n.
1. a person who is not on active duty with a military, naval, police, or firefighting organization.
2. a student of Roman or civil law.
adj.
3. of, pertaining to, formed by, or administered by civilians.
[1350–1400; student of civil law < Old French civilien]

civilian

- First a student or practitioner of civil law.
See also related terms for student.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civilian - a nonmilitary citizencivilian - a nonmilitary citizen    
citizen - a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
military man, serviceman, man, military personnel - someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force; "two men stood sentry duty"
Adj.1.civilian - associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military; "civilian clothing"; "civilian life"
military - associated with or performed by members of the armed services as contrasted with civilians; "military police"
Translations
مَدَنِيّموظف مُوَظَّ مَدَني، أحدُ المَدَنِيّين
civilistacivilní
civilistcivil
siviilisiviili-
אזרחי
civilcivilni
polgári egyén
óbreyttur borgari
民間の民間人
민간의민간인
civil
civilencivilist
civilcivilperson
เกี่ยวกับพลเรือนพลเรือน
thuộc thường dânthường dân

civilian

[sɪˈvɪlɪən]
A. ADJ (= non-military) → civil
in civilian clothesvestido/a de paisano or civil
there were no civilian casualtiesno hubo bajas entre la población civil
B. Ncivil mf

civilian

[sɪˈvɪljən]
adj (= non-military) [casualty] → civil(e); [population] → civil(e)
civilian clothes → tenue f civile
n (= non-soldier) → civil(e) m/f

civilian

nZivilist(in) m(f)
adjzivil, Zivil-; in civilian clothesin Zivil; civilian casualtiesVerluste plunter der Zivilbevölkerung

civilian

[sɪˈvɪlɪən]
1. adj (clothes, government) → civile, borghese; (life) → da civile, da borghese
2. ncivile m/f, borghese m/f

civil

(ˈsivl) adjective
1. polite, courteous.
2. of the state or community. civil rights.
3. ordinary; not military or religious. civil life.
4. concerned with law cases which are not criminal.
civilian (siˈviljən) noun
a person who has a civil job, not in the armed forces.
civility (siˈviləti) noun
politeness. Treat strangers with civility.
ˈcivilly adverb
politely.
ˌcivil deˈfence noun
(American civil defense) the organization responsible for protection of civilians from enemy bombing etc and for rescue operations after such attacks.
ˌcivil disoˈbedience noun
a refusal by a large number of people to pay taxes or obey certain laws in a nonviolent way in order to protest against the government, its policies etc.
civil engineerengineercivil liberties/rights
the rights of a citizen according to the law of the country.
civil servant
a member of the civil service.
civil service
the organization which runs the administration of a state.
civil war
(a) war between citizens of the same state. the American Civil War.

civilian

مَدَنِيّ civilista, civilní civil, civilist zivil, Zivilist πολίτης civil siviili, siviili- civil civil, civilni civile 民間の, 民間人 민간의, 민간인 burger, burger- sivil, sivilperson cywil, cywilny civil гражданское лицо, штатский civil, civilperson เกี่ยวกับพลเรือน, พลเรือน sivil thuộc thường dân, thường dân 平民, 民间的
References in classic literature ?
I don't see how they can expect us to run our department with the civilians butting in wherever they like.
He bein' a civilian now, an' you niver was aught else.
sez I, though me blood was hot in me wid being called a civilian.
Sir," said the stranger, "although a civilian, you are perhaps an enemy.
At this the man glanced down at his civilian attire, lifted his eyes, and said with hesitation:
He was a civilian, if one might judge from his habit, which was that of a planter.
The end upon which the civilian stood almost, but not quite, reached a fourth.
His appearance, changed by his civilian dress, was as fascinating to her as though she were some young girl in love.
If you are a civilian, the windows of this house flatter you worse than a newspaper, but if you're a soldier, they do you a grave injustice.
You are part of the civilian population of the country.
Alarm began to take entire possession of the stout civilian.
May be it is many-coloured, too: if one takes the dress uniforms, military and civilian, of all peoples in all ages--that alone is worth something, and if you take the undress uniforms you will never get to the end of it; no historian would be equal to the job.