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a cladogram of the hominoids, showing that chimpanzees and gorillas are more closely rleated to humans than are orangutans and gibbons


 (klăd′ə-grăm′, klā′də-)
A branching, treelike diagram in which the endpoints of the branches represent individual species of organisms. It is used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships and to show points at which various species are presumed to have diverged from common ancestral forms.

[Greek klados, branch + -gram.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biology) biology a treelike diagram illustrating the development of a clade. See clade
[C20: from clade + -o- + -gram]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈklæd əˌgræm, ˈkleɪ də-)

a branching diagram depicting, in the order in which new features evolved, the successive points of divergence of clades from their common ancestors.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cladogram - a tree diagram used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships
tree diagram, tree - a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Mesquite software (Maddison & Maddison, 2011), a software package used by evolutionary biologists to analyze comparative data, was used to map vegetative branching onto the published cladograms. Ancestral branching types were determined using the most parsimonious tree in Mesquite.
nigra and its peers has little support and remains unsolved in the cladograms (SLIKAS, 1997), while C.
Both analyses obtained the same result, two cladograms, with 105 steps, consistency index 57 and retention index 76 (Figure 55A and B).
Phenetic analysis (cluster and principal components) is commonly used as a tool to better understand the trends of morphological variations, by indicating relationships among taxa inform of dendrograms or cladograms [32].
One of the most popular such models is Ford's [alpha]-model for rooted bifurcating phylogenetic trees or cladograms [4].
When interpreting cladistic analysis, all cladograms are evaluated in terms of a consistency index (CI), retention index (RI) and confidence levels.
It focuses on the fossils themselves rather than computer science and statistical mathematics, and includes the tree of life of the vertebrates as it is presently known (cladograms and diagnostic keys are set in text boxes throughout), with narrative information on uncertainties and controversies.
The phylogenetic analysis (with forty ordered characters) returned 143 trees and the additional TBR round raises this number (best score hit once per replication) to 390 most parsimonious cladograms (length = 680, CI = 0.472, RI = 0.860, RC = 0.406).
The strict consensus trees produced from the recovered general area cladograms are presented in Fig.