res judicata

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res ju·di·ca·ta

 (rēz′ jo͞o′dĭ-kä′tə, rās′)
n. pl. res ju·di·ca·tae (-kä′tē, -tī)
1. The principle that a decision by a competent court in a case fully and fairly litigated is final and conclusive as to the claims and issues of the parties and cannot be relitigated.
2. A claim or issue that has been decided under this principle.

[Latin rēs iūdicāta, thing decided : rēs, thing + iūdicāta, feminine past participle of iūdicāre, to judge.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

res judicata

(ˈreɪs ˌdʒuːdɪˈkɑːtə) or

res adjudicata

(Law) law a matter already adjudicated upon that cannot be raised again
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

res ju•di•ca•ta

(ˈriz ˌdʒu dɪˈkeɪ tə, ˈreɪs)
a thing adjudicated; a case that has been decided.
[1685–95; < Latin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.res judicata - a matter already settled in court; cannot be raised again
matter, topic, issue, subject - some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In moving for summary judgment, the defendants argue that the appraisal resolved questions regarding the propriety of certain Pri-Med debts and that under the doctrine of issue and claim preclusion, plaintiffs cannot litigate issues relating to these debts again.
We further conclude the court properly dismissed the Town's petition for judicial review on the ground that it was barred by the doctrine of claim preclusion. We therefore affirm.
Oppenheimer involved an application of claim preclusion principles, see
principles of res judicata (merger and bar or claim preclusion) and
2003) ("]T]he finality requirement is less stringent for issue preclusion than for claim preclusion." (quoting Christo v.
Where plaintiff, who sued a city, a police board and various individual defendants alleging constitutional violations, sought to bring new claims and add new defendants, the judgment of dismissal is affirmed because the District Court properly applied claim preclusion. Judgment is affirmed.
(131) In contrast, res judicata, also known as "claim preclusion," bars litigation of the same case between the same parties.
plaintiffs usually face a similar obligation--through claim preclusion,
1998) ("Before the bar of claim preclusion may be applied to the claim of an absent class member, it must be demonstrated that invocation of the bar is consistent with due process, and an absent class member may collaterally attack the prior judgment on the ground that to apply claim preclusion would deny him due process.") (citations omitted).
Instead of entering judgment based on issue preclusion, which is inappropriate in many cases, there are substantial policy concerns favoring either applying claim preclusion, dismissing the plaintiff's action for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted under Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, or simply staying the patent litigation pending final appeal of an earlier proceeding over the same property right.
The Court's reasoning suggests that it found in the latter a form of claim preclusion according to which a final judgment relative to certain facts bars later litigation based on those facts but on new law.