clause(redirected from Clause (syntax))
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.
There are two main types of clauses: independent clauses, which can function independently as sentences, and dependent clauses, which depend on an independent clause to form a sentence.
group of words; provision in a document
Not to be confused with:
claws – sharp, curved nails on an animal
1. Grammar A group of words containing a subject and a predicate and forming part of a compound or complex sentence.
2. A distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin clausa, close of a rhetorical period, from feminine of Latin clausus, past participle of claudere, to close.]
claus′al (klô′zəl) adj.
1. (Grammar) grammar a group of words, consisting of a subject and a predicate including a finite verb, that does not necessarily constitute a sentence. See also main clause, subordinate clause, coordinate clause
2. (Law) a section of a legal document such as a contract, will, or draft statute
[C13: from Old French, from Medieval Latin clausa a closing (of a rhetorical period), back formation from Latin clausula, from claudere to close]
1. a syntactic construction containing a subject and predicate and forming part of a sentence or constituting a whole simple sentence.
2. a distinct article or provision in a contract, treaty, will, or other formal or legal written document.
[1175–1225; Middle English claus(e) (< Anglo-French) < Medieval Latin clausa, back formation from Latin clausula closing of something written, derivative of claus(us), past participle of claudere to close]
A group of words that forms part of a sentence, usually containing a subject and a predicate.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||clause - (grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence|
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
sentence - a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
grammatical construction, construction, expression - a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit; "I concluded from his awkward constructions that he was a foreigner"
independent clause, main clause - a clause in a complex sentence that can stand alone as a complete sentence
coordinate clause - a clause in a complex sentence that is grammatically equivalent to the main clause and that performs the same grammatical function
dependent clause, subordinate clause - a clause in a complex sentence that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and that functions within the sentence as a noun or adjective or adverb
relative clause - a clause introduced by a relative pronoun; "`who visits frequently' is a relative clause in the sentence `John, who visits frequently, is ill'"
|2.||clause - a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)|
section, subdivision - a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical); "he always turns first to the business section"; "the history of this work is discussed in the next section"
arbitration clause - a clause in a contract providing for arbitration of disputes arising under the contract
deductible - a clause in an insurance policy that relieves the insurer of responsibility to pay the initial loss up to a stated amount
double indemnity - a clause in an insurance policy that provides for double the face value of the policy in the case of accidental death
escalator, escalator clause - a clause in a contract that provides for an increase or a decrease in wages or prices or benefits etc. depending on certain conditions (as a change in the cost of living index)
joker - an inconspicuous clause in a document or bill that affects its meaning in a way that is not immediately apparent; "when I demanded my money he showed me the joker in the contract"
reserve clause - a clause that used to be part of the contract with a professional athlete extending the contract for a year beyond its expiration; "the reserve clause was used to bind players to a particular ball club"
rider - a clause that is appended to a legislative bill
document, papers, written document - writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
contract - a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
عِبارَه، جُمْلَه مُعْتَمِدَهفَقْرَه، بَنْدمَادَّة
1. a part of a sentence having its own subject and predicate, eg either of the two parts of this sentence. The sentence `Mary has a friend who is rich' contains a main clause and a subordinate (relative) clause. sinsdeel عِبارَه، جُمْلَه مُعْتَمِدَه/ ثانويه просто изречение oração věta der Nebensatz ledsætning πρότασηproposición osalause عبارت؛ جمله واره lause propositionפסוקית, משפט व्याकरण संबंधी वाक्यांश rečenica mellékmondat klausa, anak kalimat (aðal-/auka)setning frase, proposizione 節 (문장에서의) 절 sakinys (sudėtinio sakinio dalis) teikums (kā salikta teikuma daļa) kalusa zinsdeelsetningzdanie فقره: (ګر) دجملې يوه برخه: دليكنې ياسند يوه برخه oração propoziţie предложение veta stavek, poved zavisna rečenica sats อนุประโยค cümlecik 子句 речення شق ، دفعہ mệnh đề 从句，分句，子句
2. a paragraph in a contract, will, or act of parliament. klousule فَقْرَه، بَنْد клауза cláusula odstavec die Klausel paragraf; afsnit; klausul όρος, διάταξηcláusula klausel بند؛ ماده lauseke clauseסעיף खण्ड klauzula cikkely klausul klásúla, ákvæði clausola 条項 (계약서, 유서, 법 등의) 조항 straipsnis, skirsnis pants (līguma u. tml.) fasal clausuleklausul, paragraf, bestemmelseklauzula مادی cláusula clauză пункт odstavec odstavek, klavzula klauzula klausul มาตราต่าง ๆ ในกฏหมาย madde 條款 стаття, пункт معاہدہ کا ایک حصہ điều khoản 条款