Clearchus


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Cle•ar•chus

(kliˈɑr kəs)

n.
died 401 B.C., Spartan general.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among several epigraphic finds at this site is the well-known dedication by one Clearchus setting out maxims of the traditional seven sages.
According to Tritle's premise, Clearchus must have suffered from PTSD, and so he searched for references to PTSD in Xenophon's writing.
The first, Clearchus, was an expert in his profession, always clearheaded in a crisis, but he imposed an iron discipline upon his troops.
One example is Clearchus from Xenophon's Anabasis: a Spartan veteran seemingly addicted to battle and, according to Tritle (60-70), displaying all the signs of post-traumatic stress disorder.
How despicable compared to this, Aelian asks us, are tyrants like Dionysius, Clearchus or Nabis who trust in the sword?
The text comes down to us under the name of Chion the tyrannicide, who assassinated Clearchus of Heraclea in 353/352 BCE.
The first to speak suggests returning her and supports his argument by closing with an appeal to conventional morality: 'And at the same time, we'll be acting in a way that is moral to men and pious to the gods' (1,10,3 [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] This manifestly plays off Tissaphernes' speech in the second book of the Anabasis, where the Persian noble asks Clearchus, 'Why .
One of the most insightful discussions of leadership is Xenophon's Persian Expedition, including its comparison of the generals Clearchus, whose concern for the mission overrode even his humanity, and his opposite, Proxenus, of whom "it was more obvious that he was afraid of being unpopular with his troops than that his troops were afraid of disobeying his orders.
Stranded deep in enemy territory, the Spartan general Clearchus and the other Greek senior officers were subsequently killed or captured by treachery on the part of the Persian satrap (Governor) Tissaphernes.
Braun focuses on Xenophon's minibiographies of the tough Spartan condottiere Clearchus and of the ultimate begetter of the entire enterprise, the Persian pretender Cyrus the Younger.
Instead, the so-called Ten Thousand put their trust in their Spartan drill-masters, chiefly the brutish Clearchus, and kept pressing ahead.
See Theophrastus quoted by Porphyrus, On abstinence II, 26; Clearchus quoted by Josephus, Against Apion 1, 179; Megasthenes quoted by Clement, Stromateis I, 15, 72, 5 (texts cited in Borgeaud, 2004: 84-7).