In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes
introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or 'rule by the people.' This system was comprised of three separate institutions: the ekklesia, a sovereign governing body that wrote laws and dictated foreign policy; the boule, a council of representatives from the 10 Athenian tribes; and the dikasteria, the popular courts in which citizens argued cases before a group of lottery-selected jurors.
Its leader, Cleisthenes
, implemented a system called 'demokratia,' which means 'rule by the people.' In effect it was the many that should prevail.
mind that the democratic polis resulting from the reforms of Cleisthenes
proposals found in the work of Solon and Cleisthenes
, as Cornelius
In 508 BC, Cleisthenes
established the foundation of what we call the Athenian democracy by dividing up the traditional tribal alliances into a more modernized voting system.
As indicated, the notorious impiety trials of 400/39 had much to do with protecting the structures and customs that underpinned the Athenian democracy, and while much changed over time, it is perhaps significant that after Cleisthenes
introduced the system based on ten tribes each made up of three trittyes from three different regions of Attica (the city, the inland and coastal areas), each trittys made up of demes calculated to give each tribe roughly the same number of citizens, the number of demes rose by only three, up to the time that Hadrian increased the number of tribes from twelve to thirteen in 127/8, and added a new deme, labelled Antinoeis.
An extensive afterword teaches the reader more about what history has recorded of the time, including controversies about some of the era's biggest players (even today, historians disagree whether the legendary "father of democracy" Cleisthenes
was a selfless reformer, a manipulative opportunist, or somewhere in between).
Tiky (op cit.) states that Cleisthenes
(508-7 BC) known as the father of Athenian democracy was tasked with building on the efforts of Solon learnt from the source--Africa through Egypt.
The introduction of the world's first democratic society in Athens under Cleisthenes
in 508 BC coincided with the rise of Classical Greece that produced major human advancements in the areas of art, architecture, literature, science and medicine, mathematics, politics, philosophy, and of course, theatre - all of which have had a lasting and incomparable influence on the West.
Historians generally agree that direct democracy emerged by the end of the 6th century BC in classical Greece, the first fully developed example being Athens after Cleisthenes
' reforms of 510-507 and the fall of tyranny1.
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, meet Ares appeared first on Executive Magazine.