Cleisthenes


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Related to Cleisthenes: Pisistratus, Peisistratus

Cleis·the·nes 1

 (klīs′thə-nēz′) or Clis·the·nes (klĭs′-) fl. sixth century bc.
Greek tyrant of Sicyon who led the Ionian population of the region in a revolt against the Dorians.

Cleis·the·nes 2

 (klīs′thə-nēz′) or Clis·the·nes (klĭs′-) 570?-after 508 bc.
Athenian statesman who enacted the legal reforms of Solon, replaced the older family-based political organization with one based on locality, and is generally regarded as the founder of Athenian democracy.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cleisthenes

(ˈklaɪsθəˌniːz)
n
(Biography) 6th century bc, Athenian statesman: democratized the political structure of Athens
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Cleis•the•nes

(ˈklaɪs θəˌniz)

n.
fl. c515–c495 B.C., Athenian statesman.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or 'rule by the people.' This system was comprised of three separate institutions: the ekklesia, a sovereign governing body that wrote laws and dictated foreign policy; the boule, a council of representatives from the 10 Athenian tribes; and the dikasteria, the popular courts in which citizens argued cases before a group of lottery-selected jurors.
Its leader, Cleisthenes, implemented a system called 'demokratia,' which means 'rule by the people.' In effect it was the many that should prevail.
mind that the democratic polis resulting from the reforms of Cleisthenes
In 508 BC, Cleisthenes established the foundation of what we call the Athenian democracy by dividing up the traditional tribal alliances into a more modernized voting system.
As indicated, the notorious impiety trials of 400/39 had much to do with protecting the structures and customs that underpinned the Athenian democracy, and while much changed over time, it is perhaps significant that after Cleisthenes introduced the system based on ten tribes each made up of three trittyes from three different regions of Attica (the city, the inland and coastal areas), each trittys made up of demes calculated to give each tribe roughly the same number of citizens, the number of demes rose by only three, up to the time that Hadrian increased the number of tribes from twelve to thirteen in 127/8, and added a new deme, labelled Antinoeis.
An extensive afterword teaches the reader more about what history has recorded of the time, including controversies about some of the era's biggest players (even today, historians disagree whether the legendary "father of democracy" Cleisthenes was a selfless reformer, a manipulative opportunist, or somewhere in between).
Tiky (op cit.) states that Cleisthenes (508-7 BC) known as the father of Athenian democracy was tasked with building on the efforts of Solon learnt from the source--Africa through Egypt.
The introduction of the world's first democratic society in Athens under Cleisthenes in 508 BC coincided with the rise of Classical Greece that produced major human advancements in the areas of art, architecture, literature, science and medicine, mathematics, politics, philosophy, and of course, theatre - all of which have had a lasting and incomparable influence on the West.
Historians generally agree that direct democracy emerged by the end of the 6th century BC in classical Greece, the first fully developed example being Athens after Cleisthenes' reforms of 510-507 and the fall of tyranny1.
The post Cleisthenes, meet Ares appeared first on Executive Magazine.