One clinical ecologist
, Sherry Rogers of Syracuse, New York, has prescribed a macrobiotic diet - based on grains and vegetables, free of wheat and dairy products - for MCS.
Toward the end, having exhausted mainstream medicine, she'd flirted with the medical fringe, including visiting a "clinical ecologist
" for vitamin therapy.
Don Jewett, is a surgeon and former clinical ecologist
. The methods of the study were reviewed in advance by both advocates and critics of symptom-provocation testing, and the research had the financial support of both the Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy and the Society for Clinical Ecology.
"Joan's experience confirmed for me what physicians espousing different medical principles (Clinical Ecologists
) have long taught--that any organ of the body can be the target for an allergic or sensitivity reaction," he writes.
These "clinical ecologists
," as some call themselves, use a variety of techniques not accepted by orthodox medicine to diagnose and treat patients with MCS.
Many clinical ecologists
consider the oral food challenge test the "gold standard" for diagnosing allergies, even more reliable than RAST or ELISA blood testing.
Alternative practitioners who call themselves "environmental practitioners" or "clinical ecologists
" claim that provocation-neutralization challenges by sublingual or dermal application or parenteral injection of the identified toxicants can diagnose adults with MCS.
claim that various kinds of environmental insults may depress a person's immune system so that the exposed person develops a "multiple chemical sensitivity," that is, becomes hypersensitive to other chemicals and naturally occurring substances.
Several clinical ecologists
diagnosed the plaintiffs as suffering from MCS, which they alleged was caused by the Pyrtox.
In an article he wrote in 1987 for the medical journal Insights in Allergy, Terr voiced skepticism toward environmental illness and so-called clinical ecologists
, health care practitioners who specialize in the treatment of environmental illness and chemical sensitivity.
In the chapter "Questionable Theories and Treatment," the authors go to great pains to point out that although there are many substances in the environment that potentially can cause adverse effects or reactions, the claims of clinical ecologists
have yet to be documented in a scientific fashion.
As a result, a subculture has developed around this concept largely led by a group of practioners who call themselves "clinical ecologists
." These non-traditional unlicensed consultants claim to have expertise in diagnosis and treatment of environmental illness and its manifestations.