clostridia

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clos·trid·i·um

 (klŏ-strĭd′ē-əm)
n. pl. clos·trid·i·a (-ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

[New Latin Clōstridium, genus name, from Greek klōstēr, klōstr-, spindle, from klōthein, to spin.]

clos·trid′i·al (-əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clostridia - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared with the Essentiale group, Bacteroidetes (at the phylum and class levels), Bacteroidales (at the order level), Prevotellaceae (at the family level), and Prevotella (at the genus level) were increased, while Firmicutes, Spirochaete (at the phylum level), Actinobacteria, Spirochaetes (at the class level), Clostridiales, Lactobacillales (at the order level), Ruminococcaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Lactobacillales (at the family level), Lactobacillus, and Oscillospira, Treponema and Ruminococcus (at the genus level) were decreased in the model group.
Modulation of fecal Clostridiales bacteria and butyrate by probiotic intervention with Lactobacillus paracasei DG varies among healthy adults.
Los animales habian sido vacunados contra enfermedades clostridiales (2 dosis con diferencia de 21 dias) a los 6 meses de edad y desparasitados regularmente con ivermectina, segun criterio veterinario.
The swine manure stored at the conditions of different temperature and time were dominated by order Clostridiales and family Clostridiaceae.
(17) Microbiota in the Clostridiales order were associated with AMD and the high-glycemic diet, whereas the low-glycemic diet correlated with a prevalence of Bacteroidales organisms, which were protective against AMD features.
At family level, the gut microbiota was generally dominated by Clostridiales family XI Incertae sedis (mean relative abundance 21.8%, with representative genus Ezakiella and Finegoldia ), Enterococcaceae (16.6%, representative genus Enterococcus ), Prevotellaceae (15.2%, representative genus Prevotella ), Bacteroidaceae (6.8%, representative genus Bacteroides ), and Enterobacteriaceae (3.8%, representative genus Escherichia/Shigella ).
They found that patients whose microbiomes were diverse in general, and in particular were enriched with Faecalibacterium and Clostridiales species, were more likely to respond to immunotherapy with a PD-1 inhibitor and have a longer duration of progression-free survival.
In-depth family-level taxonomic analyses show that Bacteroidales family_S24-7 decreased in [Lep.sup.ob/ob] while Lachnospiraceae and Clostridiales family_unclassified increased compared to control mice (Figures 3(d) and 3(e)).
The majority of these erratic species in the chronically infected group belonged to the order Clostridiales, while the most variable one, Lactobacillus jhonsonii, is a member of the order of Lactobacillales (Figure 2; Table S6).