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n. pl. clos·trid·i·a (-ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

[New Latin Clōstridium, genus name, from Greek klōstēr, klōstr-, spindle, from klōthein, to spin.]

clos·trid′i·al (-əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -iums or -ia (-ɪə)
(Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium, occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae. The genus includes the species causing botulism and tetanus
[C20: from New Latin, literally: small spindle, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin; see -ium]
closˈtridial, closˈtridian adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(klɒˈstrɪd i əm)

n., pl. clos•trid•i•a (klɒˈstrɪd i ə)
any of several rod-shaped, spore-forming, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, found in soil and in the intestinal tract.
[< New Latin (1880) < Greek klōstr-, <klōstḗr spindle]
clos•trid′i•al, clos•trid′i•an, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This toxin is made by Clostridium botulinum, and sometimes Clostridium butyricum and Clostridium baratii bacteria.
Species of anaerobe such as Clostridium butyricum 7, Enterobacter asburiae 8, facultative anaerobe Escherichia coli (9),aerobes Bacillus coagulans (10) plays dominant role in fermentative [H.sub.2] production.
(15) reported that Clostridium butyricum pretreatment was able to reduce cerebral ischemia injury via suppressing the apoptosis and amplification of antioxidant enzyme activity in a global model of brain ischemia in mice.
He was prescribed tiapride 100 mg tid and probiotics, including Bacillus subtilis, Clostridium butyricum, and Enterococcus.
C baratii and Clostridium butyricum also can produce BoNT; however, in this report, only nontoxinproducing C baratii were identified.
Botulism comes from three bacteria: Clostridium butyricum, C.
In this study, biohydrogen gas was produced from Oil Palm Mesocarp Fiber (OPMF) hydrolysate by Clostridium butyricum via dark fermentation.
The following species were also eliminated: Bacteroides uniformis and Parabacteroides distasonis classified as Gram(-) anaerobes; Acinetobacter freundii, Burkholderia cepacia, and Neisseria sicca (Gram(-) aerobe), as well as Staphylococcus epidermidis MSCNS (Gram(+) aerobe), which can cause opportunistic infections, including sepsis.The microflora gained the following species, Gram(+) anaerobes: Atopobium minutum and Clostridium butyricum, Gram(-) anaerobes: Capnocytophaga ochracea and Prevotella melaninogenica, Gram(+) aerobes: Microccus spp.
cerevisiae, Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Clostridium butyricum (Alchem Poseidon(r); Alchem-Korea Co.
A commercial anaerobic manual identification panel (RapID ANA II System, Remel, Lenexa, KS, USA) identified the bacillus as Clostridium butyricum, with > 99.9% of probability.
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of Clostridium butyricum inclusion, as an alternative for antibiotic, on growth performance, immunity and oxidative status of Cherry Valley ducks.

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