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n. pl. clos·trid·i·a (-ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

[New Latin Clōstridium, genus name, from Greek klōstēr, klōstr-, spindle, from klōthein, to spin.]

clos·trid′i·al (-əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -iums or -ia (-ɪə)
(Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium, occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae. The genus includes the species causing botulism and tetanus
[C20: from New Latin, literally: small spindle, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin; see -ium]
closˈtridial, closˈtridian adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(klɒˈstrɪd i əm)

n., pl. clos•trid•i•a (klɒˈstrɪd i ə)
any of several rod-shaped, spore-forming, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, found in soil and in the intestinal tract.
[< New Latin (1880) < Greek klōstr-, <klōstḗr spindle]
clos•trid′i•al, clos•trid′i•an, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A multivalent vaccine having 250 HU of Clostridium chauvoei, 0.2 X 107 TCID50 units of FMD virus serotypes A, O and Asia-I and 2 mg of Pasteurella multocida induces a protective immune response in buffalo calves (Farooq, 2013).
Antibody response of buffalo calves to oil based multivalent Foot and Mouth Disease virus (O, A and Asia 1 serotypes), Pasteurella multocida and Clostridium chauvoei vaccine.
The microflora gained the following Gram(+) anaerobes: Bifidobacterium dentium, Bifidobacterium ovatus, Clostridium chauvoei, Gemella morbillorum, and Propionibacterium propionicum.
Black quarter is a highly fatal infectious disease principally affecting cattle in India caused by Clostridium chauvoei. The spores of Clostridium chauvoei after getting ingested along with fodder, feed reaches the muscular tissue via blood stream and on development of hypoxia, germinate, multiply and produce potent toxins (Useh et al., 2003, Radostits et al., 2007).
Black leg is an acute infectious disease caused by Clostridium chauvoei (Prime cause of the disease), rod shape organism, 0.6 u in diameter, 8 u in length, gram positive, motile, non-capsulated, anaerobic, spore forming bacterium, optimum temperature for growth is 37 oC.
Clostridium chauvoei, Clostridium septicum, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium novyi, Clostridium Sordellii, por exemplo, estao relacionados a ocorrencia de mionecroses, representadas pelo carbunculo sintomatico e gangrena gasosa.
Phylogenetic positions of Clostridium chauvoei and Clostridium septicum based on 16S rRNA gene sequences.
Clostridium chauvoei, the etiologic agent of blackleg, is a grampositive, motile, histotoxic, and sporulating anaerobic bacterium (QUINN et al., 2011).
The objective of the present study was to isolate and identify Clostridium chauvoei from swab (n=750) and tissue (n=50) samples from cattle suspected for black quarter in six districts belonging to different climatic zones (Punjab Pakistan).
Clostridial myonecrosis comprise necrotizing soft tissue infections caused by one or more pathogenic clostridia, including Clostridium septicum, Clostridium chauvoei, Clostridium novyi type A, Clostridium perfringens type A, and Clostridium sordellii.

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