clostridium

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Related to Clostridium novyi: Clostridium septicum

clos·trid·i·um

 (klŏ-strĭd′ē-əm)
n. pl. clos·trid·i·a (-ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

[New Latin Clōstridium, genus name, from Greek klōstēr, klōstr-, spindle, from klōthein, to spin.]

clos·trid′i·al (-əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

clostridium

(klɒˈstrɪdɪəm)
n, pl -iums or -ia (-ɪə)
(Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium, occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae. The genus includes the species causing botulism and tetanus
[C20: from New Latin, literally: small spindle, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin; see -ium]
closˈtridial, closˈtridian adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

clos•trid•i•um

(klɒˈstrɪd i əm)

n., pl. clos•trid•i•a (klɒˈstrɪd i ə)
any of several rod-shaped, spore-forming, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, found in soil and in the intestinal tract.
[< New Latin (1880) < Greek klōstr-, <klōstḗr spindle]
clos•trid′i•al, clos•trid′i•an, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The use of sporangial bacteria, which can survive under unfavorable environmental conditions, represents another approach, which has been applied in the experiments with Clostridium novyi. This microorganism prefers anaerobic conditions, which are found in the tumor.
Now scientists have begun injecting the bacteria w to clostridium novyi, which does not need oxygen to survive, into tumours.
They injected Clostridium novyi (Cnovyi-NT) spores into the tumors of 16 pet dogs who had naturally occurring tumors.
Normally, you wouldn't want to have anything to do with Clostridium novyi.

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