coenzyme

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co·en·zyme

 (kō-ĕn′zīm′)
n.
An organic substance that reversibly combines with a specific protein, the apoenzyme, and with a substrate to form an active enzyme system.

co′en·zy·mat′ic (-zə-măt′ĭk) adj.
co·en′zy·mat′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

coenzyme

(kəʊˈɛnzaɪm)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a nonprotein organic molecule that forms a complex with certain enzymes and is essential for their activity. See also apoenzyme
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

co•en•zyme

(koʊˈɛn zaɪm)

n.
a molecule that provides the transfer site for biochemical reactions catalyzed by an enzyme.
[1905–10; < German Ko-enzym; see co-, enzyme]
co•en`zy•mat′ic (-zaɪˈmæt ɪk, -zɪ-) adj.
co•en`zy•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

coenzyme

A nonprotein compound that activates an enzyme to speed up a biochemical reaction.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
molecule - (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
cocarboxylase, thiamine pyrophosphate - a coenzyme important in respiration in the Krebs cycle
coenzyme A - a coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids
NAD, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes
NADP, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate - a coenzyme similar to NAD and present in most living cells but serves as a reductant in different metabolic processes
triphosphopyridine nucleotide - a coenzyme of several enzymes
coenzyme Q, ubiquinone - any of several quinones found in living cells and that function as coenzymes that transfer electrons from one molecule to another in cell respiration
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
coenzyme

co·en·zyme

n. coenzima, sustancia que activa la acción de una enzima.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

coenzyme

n coenzima m&f; — Q coenzima Q; [Note: the RAE lists coenzima as feminine, but as with enzima, masculine usage is common, particularly in Spain.]
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Results obtained indicate that waste cooking oil can be used as co-substrate in anaerobic biodigestion processes using cattle and swine manure.
thermophila cultivated either with methanol as co-substrate or without organic substrates.
where [E.sub.ads], [E.sub.sub], [E.sub.Co] and [E.sub.Co-sub] are the energies of the adsorption, substrate, a single Co atom, and the Co-substrate system, respectively.
(2003) showed that glucose was a better co-substrate relative to phenol for the co-metabolic removal of 4-chlorophenol from wastewater by Pseudomonas putida.
It is a small, integral membrane enzyme that coordinates a particularly complex reaction: its lipid substrate is hydrophobic (repelled by water) and resides in cell membranes, while its co-substrate, ATP, is entirely water soluble.
The MaxDiscovery Homocysteine Enzymatic Assay measures the co-substrate conversion product.
cereus FC11 at pH 7, 30C and 150 rpm in the presence of citric acid as a co-substrate after 48 h of fermentation than the presence of other co-substrates in the medium.
The optimum conditions determined for the five selected bacterial strains for decolorization of Reactive Black-5 (100 mg L-1) were pH 7.0, temperature 35@C, when dye solution was supplemented with 0.4% yeast extract as a co-substrate.