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Scale insects of the families Coccidae and Pseudococcidae (Hemiptera) and thrips Frankliniella schulzei (Trybon) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) were observed in D.
Other common families were Psocidae (common barklice), Sciaridae (dark winged fungus gnats), Formicidae (ants) and Coccidae (scales) (Table 2).
There are 22 families--with more than 7,300 species--the largest and most common being Diaspididae, or armored scales; Coccidae, or soft scales; and Pseudococcidae, commonly known as mealybugs.
The first survey, conducted in 2009, revealed the presence of 11 species of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea): Stictococcidae (2 species), Coccidae (1 species) and Pseudococcidae (8 species) (N'Guessan 2013).
Soft scales of the family Coccidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) are phytophagous insects that infest leaves, branches and fruits of various plants.
Insect Species Family Scientific Name Common name Aleyrodidae Dialeurodes Citrus whitefly citri (Ashmead) * Aphididae Aphis craccivora Cowpea aphid Koch * Aphis vernoniae Thomas Chaitophorus Willow aphid vimincola Hille Ris Lambers Cinara juniperivora Juniper aphid (Wilson) Sanbornia juniperi Pergande Shivaphis celti Das * Asian wooly hackberry aphid Coccidae Ceroplastes Florida wax scale floridensis Neopulvinaria Cottony maple innumerabilis scale (Rathvon) Kermesidae Allokermes sp.
The family Aphelinidae in these mountain localities therefore has 3 groups of hosts: Aleyrodidae (12 parasitoid species, 65% of all the Aphelinidae species), Coccidae (1 species, 5%) and Diaspididae (5 species, 25%).
tepicana nests, that adults present subapterism, and that ant hosts are not associated with Aphididae or Coccidae (Wheeler 1907), such an association is unlikely to be only circumstancial; however, a primary parasitic relationship was never proved and the wasp developmental stages remained unknown.
Morphology and systematics of the Coccidae of Virginia with notes on their biology (Homoptera: Coccoidea).