cochineal

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coch·i·neal

 (kŏch′ə-nēl′, kŏch′ə-nēl′, kō′chə-, kō′chə-)
n.
1. A red colorant, whose primary constituent is carminic acid, that is made of the dried and pulverized bodies of female cochineal insects and is used to color food and cosmetics.
2. A vivid red.

[French cochenille, from Spanish cochinilla, cochineal insect, probably from Vulgar Latin *coccinella, from feminine diminutive of Latin coccinus, scarlet, from Greek kokkinos, from kokkos, seed, grain, dried female kermes insect (used in making scarlet dye), of unknown origin.]

coch′i·neal′ adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cochineal

(ˌkɒtʃɪˈniːl; ˈkɒtʃɪˌniːl)
n
1. (Animals) Also called: cochineal insect a Mexican homopterous insect, Dactylopius coccus, that feeds on cacti
2. (Cookery) a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing
3. (Dyeing) a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing
4. (Colours)
a. the colour of this dye
b. (as adjective): cochineal shoes.
[C16: from Old Spanish cochinilla, from Latin coccineus scarlet-coloured, from coccum cochineal kermes, from Greek kokkos kermes berry]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

coch•i•neal

(ˌkɒtʃ əˈnil, ˌkoʊ tʃə-, ˈkɒtʃ əˌnil, ˈkoʊ tʃə-)

n.
a red dye prepared from the dried bodies of the females of the cochineal insect, Dactylopius coccus, which lives on cactuses of warm regions.
[1575–85; < Middle French cochinille < Sp cochinilla the insect; of obscure orig.]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cochineal - a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects
dye, dyestuff - a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
2.cochineal - Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacticochineal - Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
scale insect - small homopterous insect that usually lives and feeds on plants and secretes a protective waxy covering
Dactylopius, genus Dactylopius - type genus of the Dactylopiidae
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kilptäikošenill

cochineal

[ˈkɒtʃɪniːl] Ncochinilla f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cochineal

[ˌkɒtʃɪˈniːl] n (= food colouring) → colorant m rouge
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

cochineal

n (= insect, colouring)Koschenille f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
A red to purple coloring pigment obtained from dried bodies of the female insect Coccus cacti, carmine (or cochineal) must be labeled in a packaged food or beverage product because it is a potential allergen.
Remedies: Abrotanum, Acalypha, Apis, Aranea, Arsenicum lodatum, Atrax, Balsamum, Brucea, Bromium, Calcarea lodata, Calcarea Phosphorica, Cereus Bonplandii, Cimicifuga, Cistus, Coccus Cacti, Coffea, Drosera, Elaterium Euonymus, Ferrum lodatum, Ferrum Phosphoricum, Fluoric Acid, Ginseng, lodum Kali Phosphoricum, Lactrodectus, Magnesia Phosphorica, Mygale, Myristica, Myrtus Communis, Natrum Phosphoricum, Oleander, Phelandrium, Phosphorus, Pix, Rumex, Salix Niger, Sambucus, Senega, Succinic Acid, Tarantula, Theridion, Ustilago, Verbascum, Vespa.
The list of FDA-approved sources for natural colorings is long and includes beets, carrots, grapes, tomatoes, elderberries, purple corn, red cabbage, sweet potatoes, annatto tree seeds, turmeric, paprika, chlorophyll, iron, titanium dioxide and a bug called Coccus Cacti L.