codex(redirected from Codexes)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
n. pl. co·di·ces (kō′dĭ-sēz′, kŏd′ĭ-)
A manuscript volume, especially of a classic work or of the Scriptures.
[Latin cōdex, cōdic-, tree trunk, wooden tablet, book, variant of caudex, trunk.]
Word History: Cōdex is a variant of caudex, a wooden stump to which petty criminals were tied in ancient Rome, rather like our stocks. This was also the word for a book made of thin wooden strips coated with wax upon which one wrote. The usual modern sense of codex, "book formed of bound leaves of paper or parchment," is due to Christianity. By the first century bc there existed at Rome notebooks made of leaves of parchment, used for rough copy, first drafts, and notes. By the first century ad such manuals were used for commercial copies of classical literature. The Christians adopted this parchment manual format for the Scriptures used in their liturgy because a codex is easier to handle than a scroll and because one can write on both sides of a parchment but on only one side of a papyrus scroll. By the early second century all Scripture was reproduced in codex form. In traditional Christian iconography, therefore, the Hebrew prophets are represented holding scrolls and the Evangelists holding codices.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
n, pl codices (ˈkəʊdɪˌsiːz; ˈkɒdɪ-)
1. (Library Science & Bibliography) a volume, in book form, of manuscripts of an ancient text
2. (Law) obsolete a legal code
[C16: from Latin: tree trunk, wooden block, book]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
n., pl. co•di•ces (ˈkoʊ dəˌsiz, ˈkɒd ə-)
1. a manuscript volume, usu. of an ancient classic or the Scriptures.
2. Archaic. a code; book of statutes.
[1575–85; < Latin cōdex, caudex tree-trunk, book (formed orig. from wooden tablets); compare code]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
See also related terms for laws.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
Codexa collection of recipes for the preparation of drugs; a collection of the scriptures written down on parchment or papyrus in their earliest texts.
Examples: codex of the law, 1622; of Christian precepts, 1659.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||codex - an official list of chemicals or medicines etc.|
|2.||codex - an unbound manuscript of some ancient classic (as distinguished from a scroll)|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
codex[ˈkəʊdeks] N (codices (pl)) → códice m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
n pl <codices> → Kodex m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007