codon

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Related to Codons: anticodons

co·don

 (kō′dŏn′)
n.
A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code that determines the insertion of a specific amino acid in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis or the signal to stop protein synthesis.

[cod(e) + -on.]

codon

(ˈkəʊdɒn)
n
1. (Genetics) genetics biochem a unit that consists of three adjacent bases on a DNA molecule and that determines the position of a specific amino acid in a protein molecule during protein synthesis
2. (Biochemistry) genetics biochem a unit that consists of three adjacent bases on a DNA molecule and that determines the position of a specific amino acid in a protein molecule during protein synthesis
[C20: from code + -on]

co•don

(ˈkoʊ dɒn)

n.
a triplet of adjacent nucleotides in the messenger RNA chain that codes for a specific amino acid in the synthesis of a protein molecule. Compare anticodon.
[1960–65; code + -on1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.codon - a specific sequence of three adjacent nucleotides on a strand of DNA or RNA that specifies the genetic code information for synthesizing a particular amino acid
sequence - serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern; "the sequence of names was alphabetical"; "he invented a technique to determine the sequence of base pairs in DNA"
References in periodicals archive ?
S] as a uniform feature of all codons in a gene and all lineages or alleles in an alignment (in contrast to among-codon rate variation in the sites model of Wilson and McVean, 2006).
We report a 2-year-old girl in Taiwan with clinical manifestations indicating type Ia GSD, which was diagnosed by the presence of 2 genetic mutations of the G6PC gene located in codons 83 and 272.
The genetic code is a series of codons that specify which amino acids are required to make up specific protein.
The genetic code uses a 64-letter alphabet called codons.
The recommended tests include Dutch Qiagen's (ETR:QIA) Therascreen KRAS RGQ PCR Kit, German TIB MolBiol's KRAS LightMix Kit, as well as the methods pyrosequencing of codons 12, 13 and 61, and MALDI-TOF (matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight) mass spectrometry of codons 12, 13 and 61.
Sequence analyses was conducted at the Pfcrt, Pfdhfr, Pfdhps, PfmdrI, Pvdhfr, and Pvdhps genes using primers already published that allow to amplify fragments encompassing several codons in each gene.
Hard randomization": complete diversity is introduced by using degenerate codons encoding all twenty natural amino acids
Glow-in-the-dark beads or any other unique beads can be used for the START and STOP codons.
This bias exists among the 61 amino acid codons found in mRNA molecules, and the levels of aminoacyl-tRNAs seem to correlate with the frequency of codon usage [3,4].
The tenet declares that those instructions are carefully transcribed into multiple messenger RNA, or mRNA, copies, which are then read in three-letter chunks called codons by cellular machinery called ribosomes.
We detected 10 cases with double mutations at codons 12 and 13 via direct sequencing and compared the ability of singlenu-cleotide extension (SNE) and hydrolysis probe real-time PCR to detect these rare mutations.
Editing of kinetoplastid mitochondrial mRNAs by uridine addition and deletion generates conserved amino acid sequences and AUG initiation codons.