gear

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Related to Cog-wheel: cogwheel phenomenon, cogwheel rigidity

gear

 (gîr)
n.
1.
a. A toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, that meshes with another toothed part to transmit motion or to change speed or direction.
b. A complete assembly that performs a specific function in a larger machine.
c. A transmission configuration for a specific ratio of engine to axle torque in a motor vehicle.
2. Equipment, such as tools or clothing, used for a particular activity: fishing gear. See Synonyms at equipment.
3.
a. Clothing and accessories: the latest gear for teenagers.
b. Personal belongings, including clothing: keeps her gear in a trunk.
4. The harness for a horse.
5. Nautical
a. A ship's rigging.
b. A sailor's personal effects.
v. geared, gear·ing, gears
v.tr.
1.
a. To equip with gears.
b. To connect by gears.
c. To put into gear.
2. To adjust or adapt so as to make suitable: geared the speech to a conservative audience.
3. To provide with gear; equip.
v.intr.
1. To come into or be in gear.
2. To shift a transmission: geared down to take the curve.
3. To become adjusted so as to fit or blend.
Phrasal Verb:
gear up
To get ready or cause to get ready for a coming action or event: a group of investors who had geared up for the takeover fight; geared themselves up for an argument.

[Middle English gere, equipment, from Old Norse gervi; akin to gera, to do, make, make ready.]

gear

(ɡɪə)
n
1. (Mechanical Engineering) a toothed wheel that engages with another toothed wheel or with a rack in order to change the speed or direction of transmitted motion
2. (Mechanical Engineering) a mechanism for transmitting motion by gears, esp for a specific purpose: the steering gear of a boat.
3. (Automotive Engineering) the engagement or specific ratio of a system of gears: in gear; high gear.
4. personal equipment and accoutrements; belongings
5. equipment and supplies for a particular operation, sport, etc: fishing gear.
6. (Nautical Terms) nautical all equipment or appurtenances belonging to a certain vessel, sailor, etc
7. (Aeronautics) short for landing gear
8. (Clothing & Fashion) informal up-to-date clothes and accessories, esp those bought by young people
9. slang
a. stolen goods
b. illegal drugs
10. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) a less common word for harness1
11. in gear working or performing effectively or properly
12. out of gear out of order; not functioning properly
vb
13. (tr) to adjust or adapt (one thing) so as to fit in or work with another: to gear our output to current demand.
14. (Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to equip with or connect by gears
15. (Mechanical Engineering) (intr) to be in or come into gear
16. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) (tr) to equip with harness
[C13: from Old Norse gervi; related to Old High German garawī equipment, Old English gearwe]
ˈgearless adj

gear

(gɪər)
n.
1.
a. a part, as a disk, wheel, or section of a shaft, having cut teeth of such form, size, and spacing that they mesh with teeth in another part to transmit or receive force and motion.
b. an assembly of such parts.
2. implements, tools, or apparatus, esp. as used for a particular occupation or activity; paraphernalia: fishing gear.
3. a harness, esp. of horses.
4. the riggings of a ship or a particular sail or spar.
5. portable items of personal property, including clothing.
6. wearing apparel; clothing.
7. armor or arms.
v.t.
8. to provide with or connect by gearing.
9. to put in or into gear.
10. to provide with gear; supply; equip.
11. to prepare, adjust, or adapt to a particular situation, person, etc.: geared their output to seasonal demands.
v.i.
12. to fit exactly, as one part of gearing into another.
13. gear up, to make or get ready for a future event or situation.
adj.
14. Slang. great; wonderful.
Idioms:
in or into high gear, in or into a state of maximum speed and efficiency.
[1150–1200; Middle English gere < Old Norse gervi, gørvi; akin to Old English gearwe equipment]
gear′less, adj.
click for a larger image
gear
Gears can be used to reverse (1) or otherwise change (2,3) the direction of rotation. Gears of different size (1-4) change the speed of rotation.

gear

(gîr)
A wheel with teeth around its rim that mesh with the teeth of another wheel to transmit motion. Gears are used to transmit power (as in a car transmission) or change the direction of motion in a mechanism (as in a differential axle). Speed in various parts of a machine is usually determined by the arrangement of gears.

gear

- Its etymological meaning is "that which puts one in a state of readiness."
See also related terms for readiness.

gear

A general term for a collection of spars, ropes, blocks, and equipment used for lifting and stowing cargo and ships stores.

Gear

 property in general; person’s belongings, as clothes, collectively; equipment required for a particular task or procedure.

gear


Past participle: geared
Gerund: gearing

Imperative
gear
gear
Present
I gear
you gear
he/she/it gears
we gear
you gear
they gear
Preterite
I geared
you geared
he/she/it geared
we geared
you geared
they geared
Present Continuous
I am gearing
you are gearing
he/she/it is gearing
we are gearing
you are gearing
they are gearing
Present Perfect
I have geared
you have geared
he/she/it has geared
we have geared
you have geared
they have geared
Past Continuous
I was gearing
you were gearing
he/she/it was gearing
we were gearing
you were gearing
they were gearing
Past Perfect
I had geared
you had geared
he/she/it had geared
we had geared
you had geared
they had geared
Future
I will gear
you will gear
he/she/it will gear
we will gear
you will gear
they will gear
Future Perfect
I will have geared
you will have geared
he/she/it will have geared
we will have geared
you will have geared
they will have geared
Future Continuous
I will be gearing
you will be gearing
he/she/it will be gearing
we will be gearing
you will be gearing
they will be gearing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gearing
you have been gearing
he/she/it has been gearing
we have been gearing
you have been gearing
they have been gearing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gearing
you will have been gearing
he/she/it will have been gearing
we will have been gearing
you will have been gearing
they will have been gearing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been gearing
you had been gearing
he/she/it had been gearing
we had been gearing
you had been gearing
they had been gearing
Conditional
I would gear
you would gear
he/she/it would gear
we would gear
you would gear
they would gear
Past Conditional
I would have geared
you would have geared
he/she/it would have geared
we would have geared
you would have geared
they would have geared
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gear - a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism in order to change the speed or direction of transmitted motiongear - a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism in order to change the speed or direction of transmitted motion
cog, sprocket - tooth on the rim of gear wheel
escape wheel - gear that engages a rocking lever
pinion - a gear with a small number of teeth designed to mesh with a larger wheel or rack
epicyclic gear, planet gear, planet wheel, planetary gear - an outer gear that revolves about a central sun gear of an epicyclic train
rack and pinion - a wheel gear (the pinion) meshes with a toothed rack; converts rotary to reciprocating motion (and vice versa)
spur gear, spur wheel - gear wheels that mesh in the same plane
sun gear - the central gear in an epicyclic train
tooth - one of a number of uniform projections on a gear
wheel - a simple machine consisting of a circular frame with spokes (or a solid disc) that can rotate on a shaft or axle (as in vehicles or other machines)
worm gear - gear consisting of a shaft with screw thread (the worm) that meshes with a toothed wheel (the worm wheel); changes the direction of the axis of rotary motion
worm wheel - gear with the thread of a worm
2.gear - wheelwork consisting of a connected set of rotating gears by which force is transmitted or motion or torque is changedgear - wheelwork consisting of a connected set of rotating gears by which force is transmitted or motion or torque is changed; "the fool got his tie caught in the geartrain"
engine - motor that converts thermal energy to mechanical work
epicyclic gear train, epicyclic train - a system of epicyclic gears in which at least one wheel axis itself revolves about another fixed axis
reduction gear - gearing that reduces an input speed to a slower output speed
wheelwork - mechanical device including an arrangement of wheel in a machine (especially a train of gears)
3.gear - a mechanism for transmitting motion for some specific purpose (as the steering gear of a vehicle)gear - a mechanism for transmitting motion for some specific purpose (as the steering gear of a vehicle)
first gear, low gear, low, first - the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving
gearset - a set of gears
high gear, high - a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed
mechanism - device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function
park - a gear position that acts as a parking brake; "the put the car in park and got out"
reverse gear, reverse - the gears by which the motion of a machine can be reversed
second gear, second - the gear that has the second lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; "he had to shift down into second to make the hill"
steering gear - a gear that couples the steering wheel to the steering linkage of a motor vehicle
third gear, third - the third from the lowest forward ratio gear in the gear box of a motor vehicle; "you shouldn't try to start in third gear"
transmission system, transmission - the gears that transmit power from an automobile engine via the driveshaft to the live axle
4.gear - equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles needed for a particular operation or sport etc.gear - equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles needed for a particular operation or sport etc.
equipment - an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
fishing gear, fishing rig, fishing tackle, tackle, rig - gear used in fishing
kit, outfit - gear consisting of a set of articles or tools for a specified purpose
regalia - paraphernalia indicative of royalty (or other high office)
rig - gear (including necessary machinery) for a particular enterprise
rigging, tackle - gear consisting of ropes etc. supporting a ship's masts and sails
saddlery, stable gear, tack - gear for a horse
Verb1.gear - set the level or character of; "She pitched her speech to the teenagers in the audience"
adapt, accommodate - make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; "Adapt our native cuisine to the available food resources of the new country"
popularise, popularize - make understandable to the general public; "Carl Sagan popularized cosmology in his books"

gear

noun
1. mechanism, works, action, gearing, machinery, cogs, cogwheels, gearwheels The boat's steering gear failed.
3. possessions, things, effects, stuff, kit, luggage, baggage, belongings, paraphernalia, personal property, chattels They helped us put our gear in the van.
4. clothing, wear, dress, clothes, habit, outfit, costume, threads (slang), array, garments, apparel, attire, garb, togs, rigout I used to wear trendy gear but it just looked ridiculous.
verb
1. (with to or towards) equip, fit, suit, adjust, adapt, rig, tailor Colleges are not always geared towards the needs of mature students.

gear

noun
Things needed for a task, journey, or other purpose:
accouterment (often used in plural), apparatus, equipment, material (used in plural), materiel, outfit, paraphernalia, rig, tackle, thing (used in plural), turnout.
verb
To supply what is needed for some activity or purpose:
Translations
أجْهِزَة لازمةآلة للإستعمال الخاصتِرْسجِهَازدولاب مُسَنَّن، غَيار السّيّارَه
převodvýstrojzařízenířazení rychlostírychlost
gearudstyrgearsystemsystem
varusteethammasratasratasvaihde
opremauređaj
fogaskerék
búnaîurgírtannhjólakerfiútbúnaîur
ギア用具
기어용구
bėgisgreičių dėžėgreičių perjungiklismechanizmaspavara
apģērbsiekārtaietērpsMašīna brauc ar pirmo ātrumumehānisms
prevodradenie rýchlosti
opremaprestava
mekanismredskap
เกียร์รถอุปกรณ์ เสื้อผ้า
bộ sốthiết bị

gear

[gɪəʳ]
A. N
1. (Aut) → marcha f, velocidad f
first/second gearprimera f/segunda f (velocidad)
top or > high gear (US) (= fifth) → quinta velocidad, superdirecta f; (= fourth) → cuarta velocidad, directa f
to change gear (Brit) → cambiar de marcha
the election campaign moved into high gear this weekla campaña electoral se intensificó esta semana
in gearembragado
to put a car in gearmeter una marcha
he left the car in geardejó el coche con una marcha metida
he helped her get her life back into gear after the divorcela ayudó a poner su vida de nuevo en marcha tras el divorcio
to get one's brain into gearhacer trabajar el cerebro
out of geardesembragado
that threw all his plans out of geareso le desbarató todos los planes
to shift gear (US) = to change gear to get one's arse or > ass in gear (US) → mover el culo
2. (= equipment) → equipo m; (= tools) → herramientas fpl; (for fishing) → aparejo m; (= belongings) → cosas fpl, bártulos mpl; (= clothing) → ropa f
3. (Mech) → engranaje m; (= machinery) → mecanismo m, aparato m
see also landing B
B. VT (fig) (= adapt)
the book is geared to adult studentsel libro está dirigido a estudiantes adultos
we both geared our lives to the childrenlos dos orientamos nuestras vidas hacia los niños
the factory was not geared to cope with an increase in productionla fábrica no estaba preparada para hacer frente a un aumento de la producción
the service is geared to meet the needs of the disabledel servicio está pensado para satisfacer las necesidades de los minusválidos
C. CPD gear change N (= act) → cambio m de marcha (US) (= control) = gear lever gear lever, gear stick Npalanca f de cambios
gear ratio N [of cycle] → proporción f entre plato y piñón
gear down VI + ADV (Aut) → reducir la marcha
gear up
A. VT + ADV (fig) to gear o.s. up to do sthprepararse (psicológicamente) para hacer algo
we're geared up to do itestamos preparados para hacerlo
B. VI + ADVprepararse, hacer preparativos
they are gearing up to fightse están preparando para luchar
the shops were gearing up for Christmaslas tiendas se estaban preparando para las Navidades

gear

[ˈgɪər]
n
(= equipment) → matériel m, équipement m
camping gear → le matériel de camping
your sports gear → tes affaires de sport
(= clothes for particular activity) → tenue f
(= clothes) → fringues fpl
the type of gear I used to wear as a teenager → le genre de fringues que je portais adolescent
[car] → vitesse f
in first gear → en première vitesse
to be in second gear → être en deuxième (vitesse)
to change gear → changer de vitesse
to shift gear (US)changer de vitesse
to change down into second gear → rétrograder en seconde
to be in gear [car] → être en prise
to be out of gear [car] → être au point mort
to leave the car in gear → laisser la voiture en première top gear, bottom gear, high gear
[bike] → vitesse f
(= part of machine) → engrenage m
vt
to be geared to or towards (= aimed at) [+ punishment, rewarding] → viser
to be geared to meet the needs of sb [service] (= designed to meet) → être conçu pour répondre aux besoins de qn
Our service is geared to meet the needs of the disabled → Notre service est conçu pour répondre aux besoins des handicapés.
they are not geared to meet the needs of ... (= incapable of meeting) → ils ne sont pas en mesure de pouvoir répondre aux besoins de ...
gear up
vise préparer
to gear up to do sth → se préparer à faire qch
vt
to gear o.s. up to do sth → se préparer pour faire qch
gear up for
vtse préparer pour

gear

n
(Aut etc) → Gang m; gears pl (= mechanism)Getriebe nt; (on bicycle) → Gangschaltung f; a bicycle with three gearsein Fahrrad ntmit Dreigangschaltung; to put the car into geareinen Gang einlegen; the car is/you’re in gearder Gang ist drin (inf)or eingelegt; the car is/you’re not in geardas Auto ist im Leerlauf, es ist kein Gang drin (inf); to leave the car in gearden Gang eingelegt lassen; to leave the car out of geardas Auto im Leerlauf lassen; to change (esp Brit) or shift (US) gearschalten; to change (esp Brit) or shift (US) into third gearin den dritten Gang schalten, den dritten Gang einlegen; to move up/down through the gears(durch die einzelnen Gänge) herauf-/herunterschalten; the car jumps out of or won’t stay in gearder Gang springt heraus; to move up a gear (fig)einen Gang zulegen (inf); I am usually in bottom gear in the mornings (fig)morgens dauert bei mir alles länger; she lives life in top gearsie lebt auf Hochtouren; military production moved into high geardie Kriegsproduktion wurde auf Hochtouren gebracht; to get one’s brain in(to) gear (inf)seine Gehirnwindungen in Gang setzen ? arse a
(inf: = equipment) → Ausrüstung f, → Zeug nt (inf), → Sachen pl (inf); (= tools)Gerät nt, → Zeug nt (inf); (= belongings)Sachen pl (inf), → Zeug(s) nt (inf); (= clothing)Sachen pl (inf)
(inf: = drugs) → Stoff m (inf)
vt (fig)abstellen, ausrichten (→ to auf +acc); to be geared to(wards) somebody/somethingauf jdn/etw abgestellt sein; (person, needs, ambition)auf jdn/etw ausgerichtet sein; (= have facilities for)auf jdn/etw eingerichtet sein; training is geared to make staff more efficientdie Ausbildung ist darauf ausgerichtet, das Personal effizienter zu machen
vi (Tech) → eingreifen, im Eingriff sein

gear

:
gearbox
nGetriebe nt
gear change
nSchalten nt

gear

:
gear lever
nSchaltknüppel m; (column-mounted) → Schalthebel m
gear ratio
nÜbersetzung (→ sverhältnis nt) f
gearshift (US), gear stick
gearwheel
nZahnrad nt

gear

[gɪəʳ]
1. n
a. (Aut) (mechanism) → cambio; (speed) → marcia
in gear → in marcia
the car is in gear → la marcia è innestata
out of gear → in folle
first or bottom gear → prima
low gear → marcia bassa
top gear (Am) high gear → marcia alta
to put the car into gear → innestare or ingranare la marcia
to change gear → cambiare marcia
she changed into second gear → ha messo or ingranato la seconda
to move into top gear → ingranare la quinta
production has moved into high or top gear → la produzione ha subito una forte accelerazione
b. (equipment) → attrezzatura, equipaggiamento; (belongings) → roba, cose fpl; (clothing) → vestiti mpl
dressed in the latest gear (fam) → bardato/a all'ultima moda
c. (Tech) → ruota dentata
2. vt (fig) (adapt) → adattare
the book is geared to adult students → il libro si rivolge a studenti di età adulta
our service is geared to meet the needs of the disabled → la nostra organizzazione risponde espressamente alle esigenze degli handicappati
gear up vi + adv to gear up (to do)prepararsi (a fare)
we are geared up (and ready) to do it → siamo tutti pronti a farlo

gear

(giə) noun
1. (usually in plural) a set of toothed wheels which act together to carry motion. a car with automatic gears.
2. a combination of these wheels, eg in a car. The car is in first gear.
3. a mechanism used for a particular purpose. an aeroplane's landing-gear.
4. the things needed for a particular job, sport etc. sports gear.
ˈgearbox noun
the part of a car etc which has the gears in it.
gear lever/change/stick (British), gear shift
(American) the apparatus in a car etc which is used to change gear.

gear

تِرْس, جِهَاز převod, výstroj gear, udstyr Ausrüstung, Getriebe γρανάζι, εξοπλισμός bártulos, engranaje, equipo vaihde, varusteet matériel, vitesse oprema, uređaj attrezzatura, ingranaggio ギア, 用具 기어, 용구 uitrusting, versnelling gir, utrustning bieg, ekwipunek engrenagem, equipamento передача, экипировка mekanism, redskap เกียร์รถ, อุปกรณ์ เสื้อผ้า dişli, vites bộ số, thiết bị 传动装置, 齿轮
References in classic literature ?
All that while he felt, though he could not put it into words, that his soul was out of gear with its surroundings - a cog-wheel unconnected with any machinery, just like the idle cog-wheel of a cheap Beheea sugar-crusher laid by in a corner.
The electricity produced passes forward, where it works, by electro-magnets of great size, on a system of levers and cog-wheels that transmit the movement to the axle of the screw.
Then I examined him and found, among other things, classic cog-wheel rigidity of his limbs.