impairment

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im·pair

 (ĭm-pâr′)
tr.v. im·paired, im·pair·ing, im·pairs
To cause to weaken, be damaged, or diminish, as in quality: an injury that impaired my hearing; a severe storm impairing communications.

[Middle English empairen, from Old French empeirer, from Vulgar Latin *impēiōrāre : Latin in-, causative pref.; see in-2 + Latin pēior, worse; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

im·pair′ment n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.impairment - the occurrence of a change for the worseimpairment - the occurrence of a change for the worse
alteration, change, modification - an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; "the change was intended to increase sales"; "this storm is certainly a change for the worse"; "the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago"
detriment, hurt - a damage or loss
deformation, distortion - a change for the worse
ravel, ladder, run - a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her stocking"
2.impairment - a symptom of reduced quality or strength
decay - an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying; "the corpse was in an advanced state of decay"; "the house had fallen into a serious state of decay and disrepair"
corrosion - a state of deterioration in metals caused by oxidation or chemical action
desolation, devastation - the state of being decayed or destroyed
decrepitude, dilapidation - a state of deterioration due to old age or long use
wear - impairment resulting from long use; "the tires showed uneven wear"
3.impairment - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitnessimpairment - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness; "reading disability"; "hearing impairment"
bandy leg, bandyleg, bowleg, genu varum, tibia vara, bow leg - a leg bowed outward at the knee (or below the knee)
dysphasia - an impairment of language (especially speech production) that is usually due to brain damage
unfitness, softness - poor physical condition; being out of shape or out of condition (as from a life of ease and luxury)
disability of walking - a disability that interferes with or prevents walking
astasia - inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
amputation - a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
hearing disorder, hearing impairment - impairment of the sense of hearing
dysomia - impairment of the sense of smell
vision defect, visual defect, visual disorder, visual impairment - impairment of the sense of sight
descensus, prolapse, prolapsus - the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus)
hypesthesia, hypoesthesia - impairment of tactile sensitivity; decrease of sensitivity
genu valgum, knock-knee, tibia valga - an inward slant of the thigh
pigeon toes - disability in which the toes are turned inward; often associated with knock-knee
bandy legs, bow leg, bow legs - outward curvature of the legs
disintegration - a loss (or serious disruption) of organization in some system; "a disintegration of personality"
4.impairment - damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
scathe, damage, harm, hurt - the act of damaging something or someone
5.impairment - the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
degradation, debasement - changing to a lower state (a less respected state)

impairment

noun disability, disorder, defect, complaint, ailment, affliction, malady, disablement, infirmity He has a visual impairment in his right eye.

impairment

noun
An act, instance, or consequence of breaking:
Translations
إضْعاف
zhoršení
skadesvækkelse
megrongálódásrongálódás
skaîi; hrönun
boz mazarar verme

impairment

[ɪmˈpɛəmənt] N (physical, mental) → discapacidad f; (= deterioration) → deterioro m

impairment

[ɪmˈpɛərmənt] nhandicap m
a visual impairment → un handicap visuel

impairment

n
no pl (= weakening: of judgement, mental functions) → Beeinträchtigung f
(= defect)Schaden m; hearing/visual impairmentHör-/Sehschaden m; speech or language impairmentSprachfehler m

impair

(imˈpeə) verb
to damage, weaken or make less good. He was told that smoking would impair his health.
imˈpairment noun

impairment

n discapacidad f, trastorno, deficiencia, pérdida; hearing — discapacidad auditiva
References in periodicals archive ?
'Regular physical exercise has long been shown to have heart health benefits, and now we can say exercise also may help improve memory for people with mild cognitive impairment,' said lead author Ronald C.
The second group, despite cognitive impairment, caught up with the control group and a few rats even performed with better speed and accuracy.
Study lead author Janina Krell-Roesch, a research fellow at the Mayo Clinic, cautioned that this study can't prove that mental activity keeps mild cognitive impairment at bay.
Those who scored less than 1.5 standard deviations below the mean score of participants with similar ages and education levels were determined to have mild cognitive impairment.
Early diagnosis of cognitive impairment provides several benefits to patients (Morley et al., 2015); it allows patients and families the opportunity to discuss advanced directives, to initiate long-term care planning, and to arrange financial and legal affairs (e.g., naming a power of attorney).
[USA], Nov 27 ( ANI ): According to a recent study, lung disease in middle age could be a risk factor for dementia or cognitive impairment later in life.
We performed a prospective population-based study on participants aged 55 years or older in an urban Chinese community, aiming to investigate the predictive value of the source of memory complaints on cognitive impairment conversion and cognitive decline.
After the researchers controlled for age, sex, and education, patients who had persistent mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by one year after their Parkinson's disease (PD) diagnosis had a 16.6-fold greater odds of subsequent dementia, compared with those who were cognitively normal (95 percent confidence interval, 5.1-54.7; P less than .001).
The researchers found that the mean Alzheimer's disease assessment scale-cognitive subscale score had increased to 25.2 and 23.8 in the exercise arm and usual care group, respectively, by 12 months (adjusted between-group difference, −1.4), indicating greater cognitive impairment in the exercise group; the clinical relevance was unclear.
Moderate to high-intensity aerobic and strength exercise training did not slow cognitive impairment, researchers found.
Of the participants, 26% had peripheral hearing loss and 12% had central hearing loss; 33% were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment.

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