cohort(redirected from Cohort studies)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to Cohort studies: panel studies
a. A group or band of people.
b. A companion or associate.
c. A generational group as defined in demographics, statistics, or market research: "The cohort of people aged 30 to 39 ... were more conservative" (American Demographics).
a. One of the 10 divisions of a Roman legion, consisting of 300 to 600 men.
b. A group of soldiers.
[Middle English, from Old French cohorte, from Latin cohors, cohort-; see gher- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The English word cohort comes from the Latin word cohors, which meant "an enclosed area" or "a pen or courtyard enclosing a group of cattle or poultry." By extension, the word could refer to any group in general and in particular to a company of soldiers or a troop of cavalry in the army of ancient Rome. The group of men forming the bodyguard of a Roman general or the retinue of a provincial governor was also called a cohors. Because of this history, some people insist that the English word cohort should be used to refer only to a group of people and never to an individual person. But the use of cohort in reference to individuals has become so common, especially in the plural, as to overshadow the use in the singular to refer to a group. Both in our 1988 and 1999 surveys, 71 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the sentence The cashiered dictator and his cohorts have all written their memoirs. These results stand in stark contrast to those of our 1965 survey, in which 69 percent rejected the usage. Moreover, the Panel is divided regarding the traditional usage referring to a group. In 1988, 43 percent accepted The gangster walked into the room surrounded by his cohort, and in 1999, 56 percent accepted Like many in her cohort, she was never interested in kids when she was young.
1. (Military) one of the ten units of between 300 and 600 men in an ancient Roman Legion
2. any band of warriors or associates: the cohorts of Satan.
3. chiefly US an associate or follower
4. (Biology) biology a taxonomic group that is a subdivision of a subclass (usually of mammals) or subfamily (of plants)
5. (Statistics) statistics a group of people with a statistic in common, esp having been born in the same year
[C15: from Latin cohors yard, company of soldiers; related to hortus garden]
1. a companion, associate, or accomplice.
2. a group or company.
3. one of the ten divisions of a Roman legion.
4. any group of soldiers or warriors.
5. a group of persons sharing a particular statistical or demographic characteristic.
6. an individual in a population of the same species.
[1475–85; < Middle French cohorte < Latin cohort-, s. of cohors farmyard, armed force]
usage: Emphasizing the idea of companionship or aid, cohort has come to signify a single individual - whether friend, supporter, or accomplice. This use is sometimes objected to, although it is now common.
Cohorta division in the Roman army; a band of warriors. See also band, company.
Examples: cohort of acquaintances, 1719; of bright cherubim, 1667; of Christian fathers, 1858; of infantry, 1489; of priests, 1874; of social regenerators, 1871; of warriors, 1500.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||cohort - a company of companions or supporters|
company - a social gathering of guests or companions; "the house was filled with company when I arrived"
|2.||cohort - a band of warriors (originally a unit of a Roman Legion)|
|3.||cohort - a group of people having approximately the same age|
people - (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; "old people"; "there were at least 200 people in the audience"
1. (Chiefly U.S.) supporter, partner, associate, mate, assistant, follower, comrade, protagonist, accomplice, sidekick (slang), henchman Drake and his cohorts were not pleased at my promotion.
flokkur, hópur; áhangendahópur
cohort[ˈkəʊhɔːt] N → cohorte f
cohort[ˈkəʊhɔːt] n (Mil) → coorte f
a group of people. She has cohorts of admirers. kohort مَجْموعَه، كَتيبَه група bando skupina die Schar skare ομάδαcohorte kaaskond گروه؛ دسته kohortti cohorteחבורה सहयोग kohorta csapat kelompok flokkur, hópur; áhangendahópur schiera 一団 무리 būrys, gauja kohorta; (cieši saliedēta) cilvēku grupa kelompok schare, menigte skare, flokk; følgesvennergromada يوه ډله (په تېره دجګړنو bando tovarăş когорта skupina kohorta horda skara, band เพื่อนร่วมงาน grup, topluluk 一群人 когорта گروہ đội quân 一群人