After the collapse of the Soviet collective farms
were disbanded and abolished.
Stalin decided that collective farms
would not only feed the industrial workers in the cities but could also provide a substantial amount of grain to be sold abroad, with the money used to finance his industrialization plans.
Landbank-which plans to triple its loan portfolio to small farmers and fisherfolk from P38 billion as of September 2016 to P115 billion by 2022-commits to do this by bankrolling multiple farmers' cooperatives that team up with big agribusiness enterprises to professionally manage their collective farms
and make them more productive.
That was particularly true in agriculture, where Gorbachev's vision diverged sharply from the long-standing Soviet consensus, which backed collective farms
and permitted individual farming only in limited circumstances.
"Antipina investigated and for the first time described the life of farmers and villagers and history and life of collective farms
Palestinians kept up rocket and mortar fire that, since the last truce expired on Friday, has focused on collective farms
, just across the border.
Israeli government claims that Hamas forces continue to target collective farms
in Israel with missiles, despite ceasefire period.
Those peasants allowed to remain in their villages were forced into collective farms
. By government edict, everything produced belonged to the state.
Examples of topics explored include the manipulation of formal seigniorial powers over land by Czech peasants of the Middle Ages, variations in the political implementation of the liberal land property paradigm across Europe, peasant strategies towards the disposition of land before and after the Napoleonic Civil Code in French Normandy, Nazi Germany's "Heredity Law" governing "ethnic" German land, and the transformation of collective farms
in East Germany since 1989.
By necessity, the country successfully transitioned from large fossil-fuel-intensive collective farms
to small organic farms and the cultivation of every available piece of urban land using traditional methods to feed the population.
The documents were signed between each operator and the General Director of the National Board of Farmland in Algiers (ONTA), during a symbolic ceremony marking the start of the conversion of the perpetual contract of use of the individual or collective farms
into right to concession for 40-year renewable and mortgageable term.