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 (kŏl′ə-brĭd, kŏl′yə-)
Any of numerous, widely distributed, chiefly nonvenomous snakes of the family Colubridae, which includes the king snakes, garter snakes, and water snakes.

[From New Latin Colubridae, family name, from Latin coluber, colubr-, snake.]

col′u·brid adj.


(Animals) any snake of the family Colubridae, including many harmless snakes, such as the grass snake and whip snakes, and some venomous types
(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Colubridae
[C19: from New Latin Colubridae, from Latin coluber snake]


(ˈkɒl ə brɪd, -yə-)

1. any usu. nonvenomous snake of the family Colubridae.
2. belonging or pertaining to the Colubridae.
[1885–90; < New Latin Colubridae <Coluber a genus (Latin: snake)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.colubrid - mostly harmless temperate-to-tropical terrestrial or arboreal or aquatic snakes
ophidian, serpent, snake - limbless scaly elongate reptile; some are venomous
Colubridae, family Colubridae - nonvenomous snakes; about two-thirds of all living species
hoop snake - any of various harmless North American snakes that were formerly believed to take tail in mouth and roll along like a hoop
Carphophis amoenus, thunder snake, worm snake - small reddish wormlike snake of eastern United States
ringneck snake, ring-necked snake, ring snake - any of numerous small nonvenomous North American snakes with a yellow or orange ring around the neck
hognose snake, puff adder, sand viper - harmless North American snake with upturned nose; may spread its head and neck or play dead when disturbed
leaf-nosed snake - any of various pale blotched snakes with a blunt snout of southwestern North America
green snake, grass snake - either of two North American chiefly insectivorous snakes that are green in color
green snake - any of numerous African colubrid snakes
racer - slender fast-moving North American snakes
whip snake, whipsnake, whip-snake - any of several small fast-moving snakes with long whiplike tails
rat snake - any of various nonvenomous rodent-eating snakes of North America and Asia
Arizona elegans, glossy snake - nocturnal burrowing snake of western United States with shiny tan scales
bull snake, bull-snake - any of several large harmless rodent-eating North American burrowing snakes
king snake, kingsnake - any of numerous nonvenomous North American constrictors; feed on other snakes and small mammals
garter snake, grass snake - any of numerous nonvenomous longitudinally-striped viviparous North American and Central American snakes
lined snake, Tropidoclonion lineatum - secretive snake of city dumps and parks as well as prairies and open woods; feeds on earthworms; of central United States
ground snake, Sonora semiannulata - small shy brightly-ringed terrestrial snake of arid or semiarid areas of western North America
eastern ground snake, Haldea striatula, Potamophis striatula - in some classifications placed in genus Haldea; small reddish-grey snake of eastern North America
water snake - any of various mostly harmless snakes that live in or near water
red-bellied snake, Storeria occipitamaculata - harmless woodland snake of southeastern United States
sand snake - small North American burrowing snake
black-headed snake - small secretive ground-living snake; found from central United States to Argentina
vine snake - slender arboreal snake found from southern Arizona to Bolivia
lyre snake - mildly venomous snake with a lyre-shaped mark on the head; found in rocky areas from southwestern United States to Central America
Hypsiglena torquata, night snake - nocturnal prowler of western United States and Mexico
Drymarchon corais, gopher snake, indigo snake - large dark-blue nonvenomous snake that invades burrows; found in southern North America and Mexico
References in periodicals archive ?
All of the large colubrids captured during this investigation (Elaphe obsoleta and Coluber constrictor) were taken in funnel or snake traps, as they seem to be capable of escaping from pitfall traps.
2008) mentioned that evidence indicates that American porocephalids are mostly generalists because they parasitize several species and families of ophidians (boids, colubrids, elpids, and viperines).
Most Liophis snakes are known for their ingest preference for frogs; however, they are characterized among xenodontine colubrids for being generalist species (Vitt 1983).
1940) as well as the colubrids Coluber constrictor, Heterodon platirhinos, Lampropeltis getula, Opheodrys (= Liopeltis) vernalis and Thamnophis sirtalis from Georgia, Florida or Wisconsin and the anguid lizard, Ophisaurus ventralis from Georgia (Reiber et al.
Evidence of prey luring exists for numerous species of viperid, clapid, and boid snakes as well as six colubrids.
Perhaps because of similarity in pattern among several tribes of colubrids, scale microornamentation has been described for relatively few species of lampropeltine snakes (Family Colubridae: Subfamily Colubrinae: Tribe Lampropeltini), and regional variation has not been addressed.
Some of these colubrids contain small fangs in the rear of their mouth, with which they inject their prey with a venom to subdue it, but none of the South Dakota ones are poisonous to humans.
Relative mass of eggs for Pituophis is similar to that of other oviparous colubrids calculated from data compiled by Dunham et al.
What is known about activity patterns of snakes is based primarily upon studies of diurnal, medium-to-large bodied colubrids (Gregory, 1984; Gregory and Nelson, 2002; Krysko, 2002; Bell et al.
Testicular histology was similar to that reported by Goldberg & Parker (1975) for two colubrids Masticophis taeniatus and Pituophis catenifer (= P.
Colubrids were consumed as well (Newcomb 1961; Steele & DeMarcay 1985; Steele & Mokry 1985; Shafer 1986; Steele 1986b), however, Steele & Hunter (1986) admit that the ranges in size of the snake vertebrae recovered clearly indicates that a variety of these reptiles were being harvested.
poecilogyrus may explain trends toward higher labial counts, but this is not a general phenomenon in colubrids.