basalt

(redirected from Columnar basalt)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Columnar basalt: Giant's Causeway, Devils Tower, Penitentes

ba·salt

 (bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
n.
1. A hard, dense, dark igneous rock composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and often having a glassy appearance.
2. A kind of hard unglazed pottery.

[From New Latin basaltēn, a misreading (in manuscripts of Pliny) of Latin basanītēn, accusative of basanītēs, a word Pliny uses of several kinds of rock, including a hard ironlike rock that the Egyptians obtained in Ethiopia, from Greek basanītēs (lithos), touchstone : basanos, touchstone (ultimately (perhaps via Lydian) from Egyptian bḫn, graywacke) + -ītēs, adjectival suffix.]

ba·sal′tic (-sôl′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

basalt

(ˈbæsɔːlt)
n
1. (Geological Science) a fine-grained dark basic igneous rock consisting of plagioclase feldspar, a pyroxene, and olivine: the most common volcanic rock and usually extrusive. See flood basalt
2. (Ceramics) a form of black unglazed pottery resembling basalt
[C18: from Late Latin basaltēs, variant of basanītēs, from Greek basanitēs touchstone, from basanos, of Egyptian origin]
baˈsaltic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ba•salt

(bəˈsɔlt, ˈbæs ɔlt, ˈbeɪ sɔlt)

n.
the dark, dense, igneous rock of a lava flow or minor intrusion, composed essentially of labradorite and pyroxene and often displaying a columnar structure.
[1595–1605; < Latin basaltēs < Greek basanitēs=básan(os) touchstone (ultimately < Egyptian bhn(w) graywacke) + -ītēs -ite1]
ba•sal′tic, ba•sal′tine (-tɪn, -taɪn) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ba·salt

(bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
A dark, fine-grained, igneous rock consisting mostly of feldspar, iron, and magnesium. Basalt makes up most of the ocean floor. It commonly forms when volcanic lava becomes solid. See Table at rock.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

basalt

A fine-grained extrusive rock. Oceanic crust is largely basalt.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basalt - the commonest type of solidified lavabasalt - the commonest type of solidified lava; a dense dark grey fine-grained igneous rock that is composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene
pyroxene - any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
oligoclase, plagioclase - any of a series of triclinic feldspars that form rocks
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
البازلت
čedič
basalt
bazalt
basalt
bazaltas
bazalts
čadič
bazaltyanık taş

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] Nbasalto m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] n (= rock) → basalte m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

basalt

nBasalt m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] nbasalto
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

basalt

(ˈbӕsoːlt) noun
any of certain types of dark-coloured rock.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
Attractions along the route include the Yuwengdao Lighthouse, Xitai Fort, East Fort Military Historic Park, Daguoye Columnar Basalt, Erkan Village, Penghu Great Bridge, and Tongliang Great Banyan, according to the tourism bureau.
After reviewing renderings and onsite mock-ups, officials opted for a soil nail wall shoring system with a Columnar Basalt finish from Santa Ana, Calif.-based Boulderscape Inc.
'Composed largely of basalts that were probably erupted from a major volcano on what is now known as the Isle of Skye, Canna has numerous outcrops of columnar basalt. Standing on an adjacent stack, I was fascinated by the contrast between the vertical columns and their interaction with the sea.
The mainstem is almost 285 miles in length, and the lower river snakes through deep canyons of red columnar basalt, grassy hillsides and stands of juniper trees.
Another giaciovolcanic calling card is found in some types of rock called columnar basalt. The Devils Postpile in Yosemite, California, is a columnar-basalt formation.
Columnar basalt of the Southwest Head Member crops out in the hillside about 70 m to the northwest, just outside the level grounds of the gravel quarry.
There are a fossil forest and columnar basalt formations among the first five geosites.