basalt

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ba·salt

 (bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
n.
1. A hard, dense, dark igneous rock composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and often having a glassy appearance.
2. A kind of hard unglazed pottery.

[From New Latin basaltēn, a misreading (in manuscripts of Pliny) of Latin basanītēn, accusative of basanītēs, a word Pliny uses of several kinds of rock, including a hard ironlike rock that the Egyptians obtained in Ethiopia, from Greek basanītēs (lithos), touchstone : basanos, touchstone (ultimately (perhaps via Lydian) from Egyptian bḫn, graywacke) + -ītēs, adjectival suffix.]

ba·sal′tic (-sôl′tĭk) adj.

basalt

(ˈbæsɔːlt)
n
1. (Geological Science) a fine-grained dark basic igneous rock consisting of plagioclase feldspar, a pyroxene, and olivine: the most common volcanic rock and usually extrusive. See flood basalt
2. (Ceramics) a form of black unglazed pottery resembling basalt
[C18: from Late Latin basaltēs, variant of basanītēs, from Greek basanitēs touchstone, from basanos, of Egyptian origin]
baˈsaltic adj

ba•salt

(bəˈsɔlt, ˈbæs ɔlt, ˈbeɪ sɔlt)

n.
the dark, dense, igneous rock of a lava flow or minor intrusion, composed essentially of labradorite and pyroxene and often displaying a columnar structure.
[1595–1605; < Latin basaltēs < Greek basanitēs=básan(os) touchstone (ultimately < Egyptian bhn(w) graywacke) + -ītēs -ite1]
ba•sal′tic, ba•sal′tine (-tɪn, -taɪn) adj.

ba·salt

(bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
A dark, fine-grained, igneous rock consisting mostly of feldspar, iron, and magnesium. Basalt makes up most of the ocean floor. It commonly forms when volcanic lava becomes solid. See Table at rock.

basalt

A fine-grained extrusive rock. Oceanic crust is largely basalt.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basalt - the commonest type of solidified lavabasalt - the commonest type of solidified lava; a dense dark grey fine-grained igneous rock that is composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene
pyroxene - any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
oligoclase, plagioclase - any of a series of triclinic feldspars that form rocks
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
Translations
البازلت
čedič
basalt
bazalt
basalt
bazaltas
bazalts
čadič
bazaltyanık taş

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] Nbasalto m

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] n (= rock) → basalte m

basalt

nBasalt m

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] nbasalto

basalt

(ˈbӕsoːlt) noun
any of certain types of dark-coloured rock.
References in periodicals archive ?
Composed largely of basalts that were probably erupted from a major volcano on what is now known as the Isle of Skye, Canna has numerous outcrops of columnar basalt.
The mainstem is almost 285 miles in length, and the lower river snakes through deep canyons of red columnar basalt, grassy hillsides and stands of juniper trees.
Another giaciovolcanic calling card is found in some types of rock called columnar basalt.
Columnar basalt of the Southwest Head Member crops out in the hillside about 70 m to the northwest, just outside the level grounds of the gravel quarry.