commensalism

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com·men·sal·ism

 (kə-mĕn′sə-lĭz′əm)
n.
A symbiotic relationship between two organisms of different species in which one derives some benefit while the other is unaffected.

com·men·sal·ism

(kə-mĕn′sə-lĭz′əm)
A symbiotic relationship between two organisms of different species in which one derives benefit without harming the other. See Note at symbiosis.

commensalism

a relationship between animals or plants in which one lives with or on the other without damage to either. Cf. parasitism.
See also: Animals
the living together of two organisms in a relationship that is beneficial to one and has no effect on the other. — commensal, adj.
See also: Biology
the practice of eating together at the same table. Also commensality. — commensal, n., adj.
See also: Food and Nutrition
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.commensalism - the relation between two different kinds of organisms when one receives benefits from the other without damaging it
interdependence, interdependency, mutuality - a reciprocal relation between interdependent entities (objects or individuals or groups)
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the absence of commensal bacteria was found to have a systemic effect on T- and B-cell zones in spleens and secondary lymphoid organs.[sup][14] And germ-free mice have fewer germinal centers, plasma cells, and Igs systemically.
The work will investigate the association between the host model Drosophila melanogaster and one of its most abundant commensal bacteria, Lactobacillus plantarum, which was demonstrated to be beneficial to its host physiology by promoting juvenile growth and maturation.
Commensal bacteria can alter virulence of bacterial pathogens and interfere with antibiotic treatment.
RNA sequencing identified commensal bacteria in all samples, but C.
The most commensal bacteria present in human fecal flora are represented by two main groups of Firmicutes, subdivided in Clostridium coccoides (Clostridium cluster XIVa) and Clostridium leptum (Clostridium cluster IV) that are butyrate producers, and by the group of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides (CFB) [3, 4].
The differences are believed to help commensal bacteria by providing specific binding sites, as well as necessary nourishment.
Although immune cells in the skin protect against harmful organisms, until now, it has not been known if the millions of naturally occurring commensal bacteria in the skin - collectively known as the skin microbiota - also have a beneficial role.
Background & objectives: The intestinal epithelium is part of the innate immune system responding to contact with pathogenic or commensal bacteria. The objective of this study was to compare innate responses of intestinal epithelial cell lines to pathogenic bacteria and to lactobacilli.
Harvey's approach involves colonizing young pigs' intestinal tracts with a mixture of commensal bacteria, obtained from other pigs, that help establish a healthy gut flora much more quickly than would otherwise occur.
IBD is believed to result from interactions between genetic factors and environmental triggers, such as commensal bacteria with pathogenic potential.
We can't assume that commensal bacteria residing on skin of healthy individuals is going to be therapeutic in individuals with impaired skin immune function and disease.
The outer mucus layer contains a large number of microbes and appears to be an amenable habitat for commensal bacteria. However, the inner adherent mucus layer contains a very low number of microbes and forms a protective zone adjacent to the epithelial surface [30].