Among all respondents, the most commonly used herbal medicines were black seed (Nigella sativa) (20%), anise (Pimpinella anisum) (13%), olibanum (Boswellia sacra) (12%), ginger (Zingiber officinale) (11%), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) (10%), guava (Psidium guajava) leaf (10%), olive (Olea europaea) oil (9%), thyme (Thymus vulgaris) (6%), chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) (5%), peppermint (Menthapiperita) (5%), clove (Syzygium aromaticum) (5%), turmeric (Curcuma longa) (4%), costus (Saussurea lappa) (4%), sidr (Ziziphus spina-christi) (3%), myrrh (Commiphora myrrha
) (3%), Ivy (Hedera helix) (3%), sesame (Sesamum indicum) oil (3%).
The so-called true myrrh is produced by Commiphora myrrha
(Nees) Engl., also known as C.
The bioactivity of oils and extracts obtained species Commiphora myrrha
, Styrax benzoin, and Boswellia papyrifera has been investigated by several researches [22-31]; these aromatic resins basically consist of monoterpenes (C10H16), triterpenes (C30H48), and sesquiterpenes (C15H24) with unique combinations, besides benzoic, myrrholic, andboswellic acids, respectively [32-37]; the demonstration of the presence of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants oils, extracts, and resins provides a scientific validation for the popular use of these plants [38-42].
Such concerns are already evident in east Africa, where poor management practices such as deforestation, over-grazing and unsustainable harvesting have led to a decline in the number of Commiphora myrrha
species (Tadesse et al.
Gum of Commiphora myrrha
, as a medicinal plant, is reported to have antibacterial and anticancer effects.
In this review, shakuyaku-kanzo-to , DangGui-Sha-Yao-San (PG[F.sub.2[alpha]]) 25], Bak Foong pills (PG[E.sub.2]) 26], and individual and combined extract of Commiphora myrrha
and Boswellia carterii (PG[E.sub.2]) [ 27] were proven to be effective in reducing PG levels.
Boswellia sacra is the commonest species providing Frankincense and Commiphora myrrha
Although we associate frankincense (Boswellia thurifera) and myrrh (commiphora myrrha
) with the gifts brought to Jesus by the Three Kings, they also can in fact be classified as spices.
Myrrh Slug Barrier is available at Ceramik Stores in Penarth Road, Cardiff, and Swansea Enterprise Centre, as well as online from www.slugs.biz.: A heady mix:Myrrh is a red-brown resinous material, the dried sap of the Commiphora myrrha
tree, indigenous to Somalia.
4, October 1985, Page 475, "Arabias Frankincense Trail") The Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha
) tree is also just as scraggly looking and grows in Somalia and Yemen.