And here the thought goes that perhaps a better way to conceive timetables is by ascribing to them some sort of commissive
aspect, as it seems that the core element conveyed by this informational source does not come in the form of an assertion about the future, but as an implicit commitment to the relevant course of action that leads to the arrivals/departures at the stipulated time.
Three of the five categories of speech acts are examined in this paper: expressive, directive, and commissive
Searle was careful to point out that it is not uncommon for the categories of speech act to overlap (commissive
and directive, for example) and it is to him that we owe some of the most frequently used terminology, such as IFID (Illocutionary Force Indicating Device).
These verbs can be assertive (agree, assent), expressive (complain, lament), directive (urge, order) or commissive
(offer, promise), and their use eliminates "misinterpretation on the part of the reader" (157).
His ideas about the future are expressed by means of successive commissive
speech acts performed in the first person plural "we": "We will connect people"; "we will connect our cars and trucks to smart road systems".
Using performativity theory to analyze corporate and government scenario plans in addition to Atwood's work, 1 argue that the authors of these narratives similarly imagine they have the ability to turn the hypothetical into the material through the commissive
power of promising language.
, the illocutionary speech that aims to convey something that is bound to an action in the future, for example: promise, offer.
speech act occurs in the context of Douglas's prospective promotion to the bishopric of Dunkeld.
The other two illocutionary verbs are 'let', a rogative verb, which appears four times and 'welcome', a commissive
verb, which occurs twice.
These speech act verbs belong in the "exercitive" group of Austin's performative verbs, with the exception of declare in one meaning, which was classified as "commissive
" (Austin 1962), while Searle (1969, 1976) classified them as "declarations".
In the example below it can be seen that the real intention of the speaker is not to perform a directive but rather a commissive
act, i.e., the act commits the speaker to some future course of action (Searle, 1976, p.
To the assertive and directive speech acts of the representatives of (neoliberal) structures agents can oppose successfully declarative and commissive