Commodus


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Related to Commodus: Marcus Aurelius

Com·mo·dus

 (kŏm′ə-dəs), Lucius Aelius Aurelius ad 161-192.
Emperor of Rome (180-192) who ruled in a cruel and violent manner. He was murdered in a conspiracy led by his mistress.

Commodus

(kəˈməʊdəs; ˈkɒmədəs)
n
(Biography) Lucius Aelius Aurelius (ˈluːsɪəs ˈiːlɪəs ɔːˈriːlɪəs), son of Marcus Aurelius. 161–192 ad, Roman emperor (180–192), noted for his tyrannical reign

Com•mo•dus

(ˈkɒm ə dəs)

n.
Lucius Aelius Aurelius, A.D. 161–192, Roman emperor 180–192 (son of Marcus Aurelius).
References in classic literature ?
It seems to me sufficient to take all those emperors who succeeded to the empire from Marcus the philosopher down to Maximinus; they were Marcus and his son Commodus, Pertinax, Julian, Severus and his son Antoninus Caracalla, Macrinus, Heliogabalus, Alexander, and Maximinus.
But Pertinax was created emperor against the wishes of the soldiers, who, being accustomed to live licentiously under Commodus, could not endure the honest life to which Pertinax wished to reduce them; thus, having given cause for hatred, to which hatred there was added contempt for his old age, he was overthrown at the very beginning of his administration.
Turning now to the opposite characters of Commodus, Severus, Antoninus Caracalla, and Maximinus, you will find them all cruel and rapacious-- men who, to satisfy their soldiers, did not hesitate to commit every kind of iniquity against the people; and all, except Severus, came to a bad end; but in Severus there was so much valour that, keeping the soldiers friendly, although the people were oppressed by him, he reigned successfully; for his valour made him so much admired in the sight of the soldiers and people that the latter were kept in a way astonished and awed and the former respectful and satisfied.
But let us come to Commodus, to whom it should have been very easy to hold the empire, for, being the son of Marcus, he had inherited it, and he had only to follow in the footsteps of his father to please his people and soldiers; but, being by nature cruel and brutal, he gave himself up to amusing the soldiers and corrupting them, so that he might indulge his rapacity upon the people; on the other hand, not maintaining his dignity, often descending to the theatre to compete with gladiators, and doing other vile things, little worthy of the imperial majesty, he fell into contempt with the soldiers, and being hated by one party and despised by the other, he was conspired against and was killed.
Because it would have been useless and dangerous for Pertinax and Alexander, being new princes, to imitate Marcus, who was heir to the principality; and likewise it would have been utterly destructive to Caracalla, Commodus, and Maximinus to have imitated Severus, they not having sufficient valour to enable them to tread in his footsteps.
Hence it comes likewise, that princes many times make themselves desires, and set their hearts upon toys; sometimes upon a building; sometimes upon erecting of an order; sometimes upon the advancing of a person; sometimes upon obtaining excellency in some art, or feat of the hand; as Nero for playing on the harp, Domitian for certainty of the hand with the arrow, Commodus for playing at fence, Caracalla for driving chariots, and the like.
The film is drawing an analogy, "unconsciously", we might say, between the tyranny of Commodus and the tyranny of the contemporary Hollywood blockbuster with the imperialism of both dependent upon the audience's enslavement to spectacle.
Crowe is joined by a strong cast - Richard Harris as the Emperor Marcus Aurelius; the late Oliver Reed as Proximo, a retired gladiator; Derek Jacobi as a Roman senator who wants to restore the republic; Djimon Hounsou as a fellow slave; Joaquin Phoenix as Commodus, the new emperor; and Connie Nielsen as Lucilla, a former love interest of Maximus and Commodus' sister.
Unlike the mincing character who is tossed out of a window in Braveheart, however, Commodus is into girls.
According to Gibbon, the emperor Commodus spent the early years of his reign "in a seraglio of three hundred beautiful women and as many boys, of every rank and of every province.
Maximus, Commodus, Lucilla, Proximo y Gracchus), todos personajes relevantes de dicha epoca, toman vida nuevamente en esta espectacular pelicula que caracteriza mucho a las mega presentaciones de Hollywood.
The same would be true even if, as some scholars have suggested, the emperor was writing for his unworthy son and successor, Commodus, rather than for himself.