The Meters of Old Norse Eddic Poetry: Common Germanic Inheritance and North Germanic Innovation
It provides a systematic account of these archaic meters from a comparative Germanic perspective; he is particularly concerned with Norse innovations in metrical practice, Suzuki explores how and why the three meters were shaped in West Scandinavia through divergent reorganization of the Common Germanic metrical system.
were in play in the development of Scots brose: 1) Old English brop, preserved in Middle and Modern English as broth', 2) common Germanic
(or Frankish) brod 'soup', the ancestor of Old French and Anglo-French breu and the diminutive brouet 'broth'; and 3) perhaps Old Norse brod, as the origin of Old Irish brot in the sense of grain and grain products.
The author remarks that the primitive Chinese and Finnic could separately have got loanwords from Germanic languages, resulting in a corpus of common Germanic
loanwords in Chinese and Finnic languages.
Consequently, Sievers' law is dated to early Proto-Germanic (yet as an inherited phenomenon with origins in Proto-Indo-European), whereas apocope (presumably followed by syncope) somewhat later to Common Germanic
105) Therefore, although not a particularly common Germanic
name, Waldemar seems to fit in well with the general scheme.
Odin (Old Norse Othinn) is the Scandinavian representative of a common Germanic
deity (Old English Woden, Old High German Wuotan) whose exact nature and role are difficult to determine because of the complex picture of him given by the wealth of iconographical and literary sources.
7) This form became *aelrice through the shortening of vowels in obscured second elements of compounds (which was not a regular development, but was a common one), and then *elrice by the Anglian development of ae from *alCi to e (northern Middle English elf deriving from Common Germanic
In Common Germanic there existed a morphological means to produce modal de-verbal adjectives in the shape of the suffix -i-/-ja-.
342) speculates that the existence of cognates in various Germanic languages would suggest that not only -lik-a- as such but also the de-verbal sub-type dates back to Common Germanic.
There are at least three main varieties of runic script: Early, or Common Germanic
(Teutonic), used in northern Europe before about 800 AD; Anglo-Saxon, or Anglian, used in Britain from the 5th or 6th century to about the 12th century AD; and Nordic, or Scandinavian, used from the 8th to about the 12th or 13th century AD in Scandinavia and Iceland.
Thor's name is an outcome of a common Germanic
word for thunder, and the thunderbolt is represented by his hammer, the symbol most commonly associated with him.