Paris Commune(redirected from Commune of Paris)
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(Historical Terms) French history the council established in Paris in the spring of 1871 in opposition to the National Assembly and esp to the peace negotiated with Prussia following the Franco-Prussian War. Troops of the Assembly crushed the Commune with great bloodshed
com•mune1(v. kəˈmyun; n. ˈkɒm yun)
v. -muned, -mun•ing,
1. to talk together, usu. intensely and intimately; interchange thoughts or feelings.
2. to be in intimate communication or rapport.n.
3. interchange of ideas or sentiments.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Middle French comuner to share, derivative of comun common]
v.i. -muned, -mun•ing.
to partake of the Eucharist.
[1275–1325; Middle English; back formation from communion]
1. a small group of persons living together, sharing possessions, work, income, etc., and often pursuing unconventional lifestyles.
2. a close-knit community of people who share common interests.
3. the smallest administrative division in France, Italy, Switzerland, etc., governed by a mayor and council.
4. a community organized for the promotion of local interests.
5. the government or citizens of a commune.
6. the Commune. Also called Com′mune of Par′is, Paris Commune.
a. a revolutionary committee that took control of the government of Paris from 1789 to 1794.
b. a socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18 to May 27, 1871.
[1785–95; < French < Medieval Latin commūna (feminine), alter. of Latin commūne community, state, orig. neuter of commūnis common]