inhibitor

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in·hib·i·tor

also in·hib·it·er  (ĭn-hĭb′ĭ-tər)
n.
One that inhibits, as a substance that retards or stops a chemical reaction.

inhibitor

(ɪnˈhɪbɪtə)
n
1. Also called: inhibiter a person or thing that inhibits
2. (Chemistry) Also called: anticatalyst a substance that retards or stops a chemical reaction. Compare catalyst
3. (Biochemistry) biochem
a. a substance that inhibits the action of an enzyme
b. a substance that inhibits a metabolic or physiological process: a plant growth inhibitor.
4. (General Physics) any impurity in a solid that prevents luminescence
5. (Astronautics) an inert substance added to some rocket fuels to inhibit ignition on certain surfaces

in•hib•i•tor

or in•hib•it•er

(ɪnˈhɪb ɪ tər)

n.
1. one that inhibits.
2. a substance that slows or stops a chemical reaction.
[1865–70]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inhibitor - a substance that retards or stops an activity
substance - a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
angiotensin II inhibitor - an agent that retards or restrains the action of angiotensin II
antioxidant - substance that inhibits oxidation or inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen or peroxides
anticatalyst - (chemistry) a substance that retards a chemical reaction or diminishes the activity of a catalyst
moderator - any substance used to slow down neutrons in nuclear reactors
activator - (biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription
Translations

in·hib·i·tor

n. inhibidor, agente que causa una inhibición;
fusion ______ de fusión.

inhibitor

n inhibidor m; angiotensin converting enzyme — inhibidor de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina; cholinesterase — inhibidor de la colinesterasa; fusion — inhibidor de (la) fusión; integrase — inhibidor de la integrasa; monoamine oxidase — inhibidor de la monoaminooxidasa; non-nucleoside reverse transciptase — (NNRTI) inhibidor no nucleósido de la transcriptasa inversa or reversa; nucleoside reverse transcriptase — (NRTI) inhibidor nucleósido de la transcriptasa inversa or reversa; nucleotide reverse transcriptase — (NtRTI) inhibidor nucleótido de la transcriptasa inversa or reversa; protease — inhibidor de la proteasa; proton pump — inhibidor de la bomba de protones; selective serotonin reuptake — inhibidor selectivo de la recaptación de serotonina
References in periodicals archive ?
Onvansertib is a first-in-class, third-generation, oral and highly-selective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) competitive inhibitor of the serine/threonine polo-like-kinase 1 (PLK1) enzyme, which is over-expressed in multiple cancers including leukemias, lymphomas and solid tumors.
Onvansertib is a first-in-class, 3rd generation, oral and highly-selective adenosine triphosphate competitive inhibitor of the serine/threonine polo-like-kinase 1 (PLK 1) enzyme, which is over-expressed in multiple cancers, including leukemias, lymphomas and solid tumors.
According to the company, Onvansertib is a first-in-class, third generation, oral and highly-selective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) competitive inhibitor of the serine/threonine polo-like-kinase 1 (PLK 1) enzyme, which is over-expressed in multiple cancers, including leukemias, lymphomas and solid tumors.
SB-431542, as a potent competitive inhibitor, by attaching to the ATP-binding domain of T[beta]RI/AlK5 specifically inhibits Smad2/3 activation and blocks TGF-[beta] signal transduction.
The binding of an inhibitor with a region on an enzyme rather than an active site, enables that inhibitor to be confused to increase the inhibition specificity of an inhibitor compared with acarbose as a competitive inhibitor (32).
The combination of LG (0.05M) + D-ISO (0.094M) allowed a greater increase of Km to 3.45, which indicated a high difficulty to form the enzyme-substrate complex, probably due to the ability of L-glutathione to act as a competitive inhibitor, as it is a strong reducing and chelating agent (Witschi et al.
PCM-075 is an oral, highly-selective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) competitive inhibitor of the serine/threonine Polo-like Kinase 1 (PLK1) enzyme, which appears to be over expressed in several different hematologic malignancies and solid tumor cancers.
Introduction of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity in human fibroblasts incubated with compactin (ML236B), a competitive inhibitor of the reductase.
MA was a competitive inhibitor and the [K.sub.i] values calculated from a secondary plot were 0.71 [micro]M for CYP1A2 and 4.1 [micro]M for CYP2B6.
This could be explained by the fact that fluoxetine is a competitive inhibitor of serotonin uptake which may interact with the same portion of the carrier protein responsible for the transport of serotonin; the structural features responsible for substrate-carrier protein recognition may be different from those responsible for inhibitor-carrier protein recognition [45].
fVIIa is transformed to its competitive inhibitor by conjugation with paclitaxel-FFRck, resulting in paclitaxel(PTX-) FFRck-fVIIa.

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