computer science(redirected from Computing Sciences)
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The study of computation and computer technology, hardware, and software.
computer scientist n.
(Computer Science) the study of computers and their application
the science that deals with the theory and methods of processing information in digital computers, the design of computer hardware and software, and the applications of computers.
The study of the design and operation of computers and their application to science, business, and the arts.
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|Noun||1.||computer science - the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures|
storage allocation, allocation - (computer science) the assignment of particular areas of a magnetic disk to particular data or instructions
data encryption - (computer science) the encryption of data for security purposes
desktop publishing - (computer science) the use of microcomputers with graphics capacity to produce printed materials
accumulator register, accumulator - (computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the register
screen background, desktop, background - (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear
computer backup, backup - (computer science) a copy of a file or directory on a separate storage device; "he made a backup in case the original was accidentally damaged or erased"
buffer storage, buffer store, buffer - (computer science) a part of RAM used for temporary storage of data that is waiting to be sent to a device; used to compensate for differences in the rate of flow of data between components of a computer system
bbs, bulletin board, bulletin board system, electronic bulletin board - a computer that is running software that allows users to leave messages and access information of general interest
memory cache, cache - (computer science) RAM memory that is set aside as a specialized buffer storage that is continually updated; used to optimize data transfers between system elements with different characteristics
C.P.U., central processing unit, central processor, CPU, mainframe, processor - (computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing; "the CPU and the memory form the central part of a computer to which the peripherals are attached"
computer, computing device, computing machine, data processor, electronic computer, information processing system - a machine for performing calculations automatically
computer circuit - a circuit that is part of a computer
computer network - (computer science) a network of computers
command key, control key - (computer science) the key on a computer keyboard that is used (in combination with some other key) to type control characters
magnetic core, core - (computer science) a tiny ferrite toroid formerly used in a random access memory to store one bit of data; now superseded by semiconductor memories; "each core has three wires passing through it, providing the means to select and detect the contents of each bit"
counter - (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers)
cursor, pointer - (computer science) indicator consisting of a movable spot of light (an icon) on a visual display; moving it allows the user to point to commands or screen positions
dedicated file server - (computer science) a file server that can be used only as a file server
dialog box, panel - (computer science) a small temporary window in a graphical user interface that appears in order to request information from the user; after the information has been provided the user dismisses the box with `okay' or `cancel'
DIP switch, dual inline package switch - (computer science) one of a set of small on-off switches mounted in computer hardware; used in place of jumpers to configure the machine for a user
disk controller - (computer science) a circuit or chip that translates commands into a form that can control a hard disk drive
disc drive, disk drive, hard drive, Winchester drive - computer hardware that holds and spins a magnetic or optical disk and reads and writes information on it
display adapter, display adaptor - (computer science) an electronic device that converts information in memory to video output to a display
dongle - (computer science) an electronic device that must be attached to a computer in order for it to use protected software
drive - (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium
EPROM, erasable programmable read-only memory - (computer science) a read-only memory chip that can be erased by ultraviolet light and programmed again with new data
file server - (computer science) a digital computer that provides workstations on a network with controlled access to shared resources
firewall - (computing) a security system consisting of a combination of hardware and software that limits the exposure of a computer or computer network to attack from crackers; commonly used on local area networks that are connected to the internet
foreground - (computer science) a window for an active application
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