Personification thus plays a meaningful role in the narrative, which utilizes a variety of verse forms and often uses concrete poems
to bring nonhuman objects to life, even giving voice to concepts such as virginity and lust.
Grace: In my first book, womango, I experimented with several concrete poems
as a way of seeing my city as a compression of sorts, a small island packed with much growth, people, and material things, and the concrete poem
with a compacted space on a white page seemed like the perfect physical manifestation of an island floating on the ocean of globalization.
such as "verde erva" also disrupted the necessity of reading left to right and top to bottom in ways that were unsatisfying for Gullar.
The poems include many poetic forms such as haiku, acrostic, shape and concrete poems
; and there are clear examples of poetic devices such as rhyme, repetition and metaphorical language.
We find line as testimony (in her diary entries and graph-paper concrete poems
); as spatial fault line (in her "Cracking" pieces, 1969, for which she wound aluminum tape over sidewalks, gallery floors, and even her face); as erotic, electric tangles (in small sculptures such as Wall's Underconsciousness [Chaos is a beast of knots and tangled hair scratching at your feet until told where to go by rational thoughts] from 1976); and as limbs and masses (in wood, galvanized steel sheets, and plaster works that sweep, dangle, dance, huddle, and perch).
Each subject includes details on reading, writing and reciting the poem as the books focus individually on CONCRETE POEMS
(97807787196362), HAIKU (9780778719649), LIST POEMS (9780778719656) and CINQUAINS (9780778719625).
, paper works and manuscript letters, chiefly by the Brazilian Noigandres group of Sao Paulo, are on display (until 1 March 2015).
Despite the group's preference for sans serif sleekness, the strongest of the early concrete poems
remain visually and conceptually fascinating because their attempts to triangulate letters, sounds, and things never quite go smoothly.
The poems were non-traditional, ranging from minimal works (such as the "Invisible Sonnet" series) to concrete poems
(such as a typewriter image made with a typewriter) to performance pieces (such as a poem titled "What is the sound of 100 hands clapping?" made in front of an audience of about 50 people).
Krauss's concept applies to various concrete poems
as well, including two by Swiss artists Eugen Gomringer and Claus Bremer that present as types of grids, laid out in precise rows and columns of words.
Leggs' most concrete poems
are his strongest; his work most needs to mature past a tendency toward slightly affected language and abstraction.
verse to concrete poems
, one even shaped as the USA.