classical conditioning

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classical conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process by which a subject comes to respond in a specific way to a previously neutral stimulus after the subject repeatedly encounters the neutral stimulus together with another stimulus that already elicits the response.

classical conditioning

n
(Psychology) psychol the alteration in responding that occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession: the response originally given to the second stimulus comes to be given to the first. See also conditioned response

con•di•tion•ing

(kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ)

n.
1. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed.
2. Also called classical conditioning. a process in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke a specific response by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that evokes the response.
[1915–20]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.classical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflexclassical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex; the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
References in periodicals archive ?
This is seen as a measure of the strength of the conditioned stimuli which triggers drug seeking (Teruel, 2008) or, in other words, a measure of the effort the animal is willing to make in order to receive the drug (motivation).
Conditioned stimuli (like sights, sounds, or peculiar smell of the hospital) are present while the chemotherapy drugs (unconditioned stimulus) that produce the unconditioned response (nausea and emesis) are administered.
The conditioned stimuli were short, simple true or false statements (e.
Using classical (appetitive) conditioning, his team allowed conditioned stimuli to help deer "tell us what they could see.
In an example of how the outcome-based transfer technique has been used for studying CS-US associations, Colwill and Motzkin (1994) trained rats with two conditioned stimuli (CS1 and CS2) that were each paired with two different respective outcomes (O1 and O2).
Visual and auditory cues have not been effective conditioned stimuli in similar paradigms (e.
In this paradigm, neutral conditioned stimuli (such as a tone, a light or environmental context) are paired with aversive unconditioned stimuli (such as an electric shock) that reflexively evoke an unconditioned fear response.
In neuro-imaging studies of human fear conditioning, different patterns of brain activation were shown when paired and unpaired conditioned stimuli were presented to healthy right-handed human volunteers.
The new study, however, has shown that the role of the hippocampus is to process and transmit information about conditioned stimuli to the amygdala.
A broad array of trauma-reminiscent sensory stimuli and contextual factors may become associated with the event, thereby becoming conditioned stimuli which elicit conditioned fear and anxiety responses.
For instance, an adult's happiness with his/her child performance in a play may include: a) a response of crying elicited by conditioned stimuli (e.
Appetitive learning using visual conditioned stimuli in the pond snail, Lymnaea.