classical conditioning

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classical conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process by which a subject comes to respond in a specific way to a previously neutral stimulus after the subject repeatedly encounters the neutral stimulus together with another stimulus that already elicits the response.

classical conditioning

n
(Psychology) psychol the alteration in responding that occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession: the response originally given to the second stimulus comes to be given to the first. See also conditioned response

con•di•tion•ing

(kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ)

n.
1. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed.
2. Also called classical conditioning. a process in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke a specific response by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that evokes the response.
[1915–20]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.classical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflexclassical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex; the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
References in periodicals archive ?
The method is based on eliciting changes in muscle tension, central nervous system arousal, and pain responses using muscular reflex reactions and central nervous system unconditioned and conditioned stimuli (see, Andrasik, 2004; for a description of this technique).
First, events that are positively correlated with the aversive stimuli become conditioned stimuli that elicit fear or anxiety through a classical conditioning process.
In neuro-imaging studies of human fear conditioning, different patterns of brain activation were shown when paired and unpaired conditioned stimuli were presented to healthy right-handed human volunteers.
Drug-associated stimuli act as conditioned stimuli that signal to the body that the drug is coming.
The new study, however, has shown that the role of the hippocampus is to process and transmit information about conditioned stimuli to the amygdala.
For instance, an adult's happiness with his/her child performance in a play may include: a) a response of crying elicited by conditioned stimuli (e.
If the receiver's skin responded only to the unconditioned and the conditioned stimuli built into the procedure of the experiment, no statistical analysis would be needed, simply a check of whether there are bumps at the right time interval before each shock.
These conditioned stimuli activate conditioned motivational states [1] that produce craving experiences, physiological reactions, and alcohol-seeking behaviors.
The latest research shows for the first time that a gradual decrease in the number of synapses parallels the behavioral changes observed as an Aplysia eventually "forgets' how to respond to conditioned stimuli.
The conditioned stimuli were short, simple true or false statements (e.
In particular, it is hypothesized that avoidance responses to the initial classically conditioned stimuli will withstand more extinction trials compared with indirectly related, functionally equivalent, stimuli.
He was briefed on the general nature of the study but not informed of the functions of the conditioned stimuli and was ignorant of respondent conditioning processes.