operant conditioning

(redirected from Conditioning, operant)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

operant conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process in which the likelihood of a specific behavior increases or decreases in response to reinforcement or punishment that occurs when the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the behavior with the pleasure from the reinforcement or the displeasure from the punishment.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.operant conditioning - conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
instrumental conditioning - operant conditioning that pairs a response with a reinforcement in discrete trials; reinforcement occurs only after the response is given
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the topics are eliciting behaviors and classical conditioning, operant conditioning, schedules and theories of reinforcement, observational learning and rule-governed behavior, and comparative cognition.
It could also be argued that in contrast to classical or respondent conditioning, operant conditioning describes a circumstance in which the reinforcement contingency plays a critical role in the acquisition and maintenance of behavior.
The training methods militaries use are brutalization, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and role modeling.