The results of this study indicate that a history of previous injury is an important risk factor for HSI and that it may affect other factors (i.e., serve as a confounding factor
BETTER QUALITYThis is also a possible confounding factor
and could have contributed to the results.
There is an important note on the forgotten possible confounding factor
for this report.
"Preexisting disease is an important potential confounding factor
that must be considered in the uptick in risk observed at the bottom end of a J-shaped curve."
They cover test-retest reliability and validity of three indirect tasks assessing implicit threat associations and behavioral response tendencies; implicit self-esteem predicts observed or spontaneous behavior but not self-reported or controlled behavior; the convergence of direct, indirect, and objective risk-taking measures in gambling; a multi-measure investigation of the divergence of implicit and explicit consumer evaluations; using community data to test the discriminant validity of ethnic or racial group implicit association test; the role of self-related heuristics in prejudice implicit association test effects; intelligence as a confounding factor
in the implicit association test effect; and common themes and unresolved questions around implicit measures of social cognition.
One confounding factor
, notes McCarthy, is the melting of glaciers since Earth's last ice age.
Another major confounding factor
is that Web sites are dynamic, i.e., there are day-to-day, minute-to-minute, and query-to-query differences in the content of sites.
An additional confounding factor
has been the interactive relationship of years of counselor work experience with rehabilitation counselor education in relation to client outcome.
such as these can, well, confound the results and lead to incorrect conclusions.
The duration of pill use did not influence the prevalence of misconceptions, nor was age a confounding factor
Therefore, age was not a confounding factor
or effect modifier for DHF case-patients in Tainan's 1998 epidemic.
(1998), such weaknesses of association may occur because BPb is not a sufficiently sensitive biomarker of exposure or dose at the target organ(s) or because the relationships involved are biologically irrelevant and are only found because of an uncontrolled confounding factor
. Furthermore, in view of the kinetics of Pb distribution within the body (cycling among blood, bone, and soft tissues), differentiation of low-level chronic exposure from a short high-level exposure is not possible on the basis of a single BPb measurement (Hu et al.