congenital disorder

(redirected from Congenital abnormalities)
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Noun1.congenital disorder - a defect that is present at birthcongenital disorder - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
References in periodicals archive ?
It is an international referral centre for complex reproductive problems including endometriosis, uterine fibroids, congenital abnormalities of the reproductive system and infertility.
For purposes of this study, congenital abnormalities are defined as obvious abnormality of structure or form which is present at birth or noticed within a few days after birth.
Most rare diseases are genetic and include congenital abnormalities in growth, chromosomal monogenic syndromes, skeletal malformations, hereditary metabolic diseases, and hereditary cancers.
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by congenital abnormalities, bone marrow (BM) failure, and increased risk for malignancy.
Although congenital microcephaly and other neurologic abnormalities have been reported among infants born to mothers who were infected with Zika virus during pregnancy (5), variable reporting of congenital Zika virus syndrome did not permit a comparison of trends in reported congenital abnormalities within the region.
Complete anonychia may occur in association with a wide variety of other congenital abnormalities, such as abnormally spaced teeth, absence of third molars and upper lateral incisors5, absence of patella6, microcephaly, curved digits and single transverse palmar crease7, bizarre flexural pigmentation and hair abnormalities8, and mental retardation with sensorineural deafness9.
Objectives: To evaluate congenital abnormalities of ribs using multidetector computed tomography.
The most common reason for emergency surgery was appendicitis, followed by congenital abnormalities, intestinal blockage and hernia.
The size of the omphalocoele in patients with associated congenital abnormalities was minor in 45 (38.
A spokeswoman for Bayer - who now own Primodos maker Schering - said: "UK litigation in respect of Primodos ended in 1982 when the claimants' legal team decided to discontinue litigation on the grounds there was no realistic possibility of showing Primodos caused the congenital abnormalities alleged.
Mr Thomas continued: "At Nuffield Health Cardiff & Vale Hospitals we see patients with a variety of conditions each year; people with arthritis following sports injuries, those who have developed painful joints due to osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis and those with congenital abnormalities.
org/diseases-conditions/microcephaly/basics/definition/con-20034823) condition which causes congenital abnormalities and developmental issues) linked to the mosquito-borne Zika virus had also been reported in Harris County.