congenital disorder

(redirected from Congenital absence)
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Noun1.congenital disorder - a defect that is present at birthcongenital disorder - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Congenital absence of the gallbladder - A possible hereditary defect.
[11,12] In a single previous case report, an isolated congenital absence of the lateral crura was presented with a primary complaint of nasal obstruction.
Tooth agenesis usually known as hypodontia is the congenital absence of one or more teeth.
Congenital absence of the portal vein: Two cases and a proposed classification system for Porto Systemic vascular anomalies.
Angelo DiGeorge first described DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) in 1829 as a congenital absence of the thymus and parathyroid glands.
Congenital absence and hypoplasia of pedicles in the thoracic spine.
Congenital absence of tail in calves have been reported by Lotfi and Shahryar (2009) and Williams (2010) but in our case, the animal was having a tail with only five coccygeal vertebra associated with rat tail syndrome.
It is thought that it can be congenital or acquired, with the former including a congenital absence of the falciform or suspensory ligaments, and the latter including factors such as cirrhosis, paralysis of the right diaphragm, and obesity [1].
Congenital absence of the left atrial appendage (CALAA) is an extremely rare congenital cardiac anomaly.
Superina, "Congenital absence of the portal vein: two cases and a proposed classification system for portosystemic vascular anomalies," Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol.
[10], two types of idiopathic dilation of the right atrium can be described: one directly connected to a degenerative process of unknown aetiology affecting the atrial myocardium during foetal age and the other, a congenital absence of atrial myocardium and secondary absence of conduction tissue, that is, a true aneurysmal dilation of the right atrium, analogous to Uhl's disease of the right ventricle.

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