congenital disorder

(redirected from Congenital anomalies)
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Noun1.congenital disorder - a defect that is present at birthcongenital disorder - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Late referral of foetuses with congenital anomalies and especially with congenital heart defects to our university hospital which is a major cardiac surgery and genetics reference centre and decreasing incidence of prematurity-related complications, infections and asphyxia are responsible for the proportional increase of congenital anomalies as a reason of perinatal/neonatal mortality.
Each year eight million children are born worldwide with congenital anomalies of which 3.3 million die before the age of five; 3.2 million of the survivors may be mentally or physically disabled.
Across 21 mainly retrospective studies included in the review, point estimates ranged from 0.47 to 1.50 for preterm birth, 0.65 to 1.00 for small for gestational age, 0.36 to 0.85 for stillbirth, 0.16 to 1.00 for neonatal death, 0.76 to 1.20 for low birth weight, and 0.20 to 0.91 for congenital anomalies.
To determine the frequency of different congenital anomalies in our hospital population.
For undergraduates, postgraduate trainees, fellows, and ophthalmologists, Basak (cataract, cornea, external diseases and eye bank services, Disha Eye Hospitals and Research Center, India) provides a mini atlas of about 600 color photos and descriptions of common corneal conditions, such as congenital anomalies, corneal edema and bullous keratopathy, keratitis, corneal degenerations and dystrophies, and graft-related, refractive surgery-related, and contact lens-induced problems, along with the basics of anatomy and evaluation.
Major congenital anomalies were not associated with levels of atrazine or its specific metabolites.
In Falluja, which was heavily bombarded by the US in 2004, as many as 25% of newborn infants have serious abnormalities, including congenital anomalies, brain tumors, and neural tube defects in the spinal cord.
Pediatric experts Eidem, Cetta, and O'Leary from the Mayo Clinic combined 40 articles from authorities in the field to provide a comprehensive review of congenital anomalies and the use of cardiovascular ultrasound.
A variety of chemicals inherent to occupational environments have the potential to influence prenatal development, resulting in such adverse birth outcomes as congenital anomalies, stillbirths, low birth weight, and prematurity.
Parents and medical professionals are set to benefit from a comprehensive study spearheaded by Newcastle University, which focuses on the survival of children born with a range of congenital anomalies.
They found that there were 61 children with congenital anomalies among the 1,658 children with some prenatal PCE exposure and 95 children with congenital anomalies among 2,999 children with no prenatal PCE exposure.
Hyperthermia associated to high fever, for example, has been linked to a higher incidence Of congenital anomalies (2).

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