congenital disorder

(redirected from Congenital defects)
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Noun1.congenital disorder - a defect that is present at birthcongenital disorder - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
References in periodicals archive ?
William schull, (2) in 1958 stated in his study stated that frequency of infants with major congenital defects increases significantly with increasing level of (inbreeding) consanguineous relationship shown in Table 10.
They discuss the physical bases of medical ultrasound; techniques, instrumentation, and safety; pregnancy and screening; basic biometry; sonographic determination of gestational age; fetal anatomy; fetal echocardiography; invasive procedures; ethics and law in congenital defects; fetal growth; obstetrical Doppler; the placenta and umbilical cord; twins; basic principles of 3D and 4D sonography; ultrasound in human reproduction; the uterus and fallopian tube; benign pelvic masses; and assessment of normal and abnormal ovaries.
''Congenital defects are often diagnosed in infancy and sometimes before birth.
It has also specialized clinics for treating children and newborns from congenital defects, ultrasound cardiac imaging, nuclear cardiology, and robot catheterization used for the treatment of pulse disorders, among others.
It deletes the chapters on bone and joint infections and congenital defects of skin, connective tissues, muscles, tendons, and joints.
Smokers' babies are also at risk of congenital defects, such as cleft lip, palate or limb deformities.
London, Aug 16 (ANI): A new research has shown that an infrared laser can make a heart beat faster, which may help in understanding reasons for congenital defects.
It is also not clear which physician would be responsible for a failure in screening, if hereditary or transmitted diseases or congenital defects were to emerge during pregnancy or after delivery.
Phenobarbital has been associated with an increase in congenital defects when used for epilepsy, but not when used for other indications.
He covers animal rights and species protection, diagnosis, treatment, congenital defects, tumors, euthanasia, amphibians and reptiles as transmitters of zoonotic diseases, and specific diseases.
Doctors currently use a century-old method to repair bladders, which may be damaged by injury, illness, or congenital defects such as multiple sclerosis or spina bifida.
Intrauterine infections are known causes of congenital defects worldwide.

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