congenital disorder

(redirected from Congenital malformations)
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Noun1.congenital disorder - a defect that is present at birthcongenital disorder - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies conducted in regions among participants affected by radiation exposure, nuclear or bomb explosions or any other source responsible for congenital malformations were excluded.
New York: Babies born to women who used lithium therapy to treat bipolar disorder during their first-trimester of the pregnancy could be at an elevated risk of developing major congenital malformations such as heart defects, finds a study.
The principal underlying causes of deaths by ICD chapter were perinatal causes (XVI) followed by congenital malformations (XVII) and infectious and parasitic diseases (I), both among those informed by the SIM and those certified by the researchers.
The study noted eight (1.7%) reports of congenital malformations in the infants born alive, including accessory auricle, Polydactyly, hydronephrosis, cerebral ventricle dilatation, and congenital heart disease.
Table-1: Incidence of Congenital Malformations in Oligohydramnios and Relationship to Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) AFI Cases Congenital Malformations Incidence 3-5 58 02 3.4% <3 62 05 8% Total 120 07 5.8% Table-2: Incidence of Neonatal Mortality in Oligohydramnios and Relationship to Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) AFI Cases Neonatal Mortality Incidence 3-5 58 01 1.7% <3 62 03 4.8% Total 120 04 3.3% Table-3: Congenital Malformations in Oligohydramnios Congenital Malformation Number Hydronephrosis 03 Hydrocephalus 01 Meningocele 01 Diaphragmatic Hernia 01 Multiple congenital anomalies 01
-- Children with congenital malformations or a variety of chronic diseases are at a previously undescribed, sharply increased risk for serious respiratory syncytial virus infection, according to a landmark Danish study,
After an initial chapter on general neuropathology, it covers vascular disorders, inflammatory diseases, trauma, congenital malformations, metabolic-toxic diseases, neoplasia, and degenerative diseases.
This folate antagonism of trimethoprim has been associated with several types of congenital malformations and miscarriage when given during pregnancy [2, 3].
Objectives: To determine the frequency of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in children having congenital malformations of the eyes coming to the tertiary care eye hospital.
Clarithromycin is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, but studies have been conducted to determine its effects on congenital malformations. A study based on national registries confirmed the link between the drug and miscarriages but found no major congenital malformations.
His surgical expertise in newborns and children helped him understand the demands and requirements of tissues and regenerative medicine for newborns with congenital malformations.
Results: Overall prevalence of congenital malformations was 15.7 / 1000 births.

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