conjugate base


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conjugate base

n.
A base having one fewer transferable proton than a specific acid.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Butyrate is known for its weight loss effects by effecting triglycerides and lipoproteins is the conjugate base of butyric acid (Masud et al., 2016).
The subject invention more specifically reveals an emulsion polymerization process that comprises: (1) preparing a monomer solution which is comprised of (a) at least one monomer, (b) a conjugate acid of a surfactant with a [pK.sub.a] of less than 14, and (c) a controlled free radical polymerization agent; (2) preparing an aqueous medium which is comprised of (a) water, and (b) a conjugate base of a weak acid wherein the [pK.sub.b] of the base is less than 14; (3) mixing the monomer solution with the aqueous medium under conditions that result in the in-situ formation of an emulsifier; and (4) initiating free radical polymerization.
They were given a list of terms (equilibrium, acid, base, [H.sup.+], [H.sub.3][O.sup.+] conjugate base, water, pH, equilibrium constant, buffer, solution, and [pK.sub.A]) and told that they were to use these terms to construct a concept map that would represent t heir understanding of acid-base chemistry.