In the East Bay, a black women's consciousness-raising group
connected with several black lesbian households to form an extensive social network of activists, musicians and poets.
Sharing experiences in 140-word postings served as a kind of virtual international consciousness-raising group
. For participants, it affirmed victims' dignity and served as an expression for their rage and suffering.
After Gaslight South failed, Dobkin returned to New York and continued her quest for personal clarity, electing to participate in a consciousness-raising group
. That experience led Dobkin to a nascent feminist consciousness, which in turn upended her world, as it did for so many American women.
That's the kind of support you'd expect to hear in what is essentially a virtual consciousness-raising group
. But just as the "personal is political" feminists of the 1960s and 1970s were criticized for their focus on white, middle-class issues, the same could be said of the online communities where bad-mom culture flourishes today.
The building, officially known as Wilder Memorial Hall, was bought by the Current Topics Club, a nonprofit women's discussion and consciousness-raising group
, in 1887.
I WAS RAISED BY A SELF-defined feminist mom who had a consciousness-raising group
, prominently displayed Our Bodies Ourselves on our bookshelf and sent me to the pediatrician at 14 with permission to get "anything I might need." Most of my friends had similar upbringings--one friend's mother is a prominent feminist philosopher, another friend's mother worked in Africa dispensing reproductive health care resources and most of my peer group was imbibed with progressive values.
Carlip describes an adolescence unique to Southern California: baking banana bread for Carly Simon, stripping naked with her consciousness-raising group
, and spending one high school summer locating Carole King's Laurel Canyon house.
The consciousness-raising group
, often referred to as the CR group, has likely been the most influential feminist technique to be linked to "the personal is political" philosophy.
Manavi was founded in 1985 by six South Asian women as a consciousness-raising group
. Within a short time, the group began to receive demands for assistance from South Asian battered women in New Jersey, which transformed the mission of this budding organization.
Wolfe and Foder (1977) compared modeling-plus-behavior rehearsal (BT), modeling-plus-behavior rehearsal-plus-rational therapy (RBT), and a consciousness-raising group
(CR) to a control group.
In it, a wife new to Stepford starts a consciousness-raising group
because she is appalled that all the women in her town wear flowery print dresses and seem satisfied with their domestic servitude.
For starters, I propose the following list to be passed around; discussed with your ladies' auxiliary, your consciousness-raising group
, your collective; and then revised, refined, added to, deleted from, substituted, whatever: