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1. Friendly or cooperative association, as between groups or organizations.
2. Ecology A subdivision of an association having one dominant species of plant.
3. A political arrangement in which various groups, such as ethnic or racial populations within a country or region, share power according to an agreed formula or mechanism.

con·so′ci·a′tion·al adj.


(kənˌsoʊ siˈeɪ ʃən, -ʃi-)

1. the act of uniting in association.
2. an association of churches or religious orders.
3. a climax community in which one species is dominant.
[1585–95; < Latin]


 a confederation of churches or religious bodies; an alliance or confederation.
Examples: consociation of acts of providence, 1645; of churches, 1646; of many of the worst acts, 1649; of good spirits, 1656; of tribes for plunder or defence, 1804.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another option (the one pursued by Walzer) is to develop a typology of different types of states, and to formulate the norms that each type of state should respect--for example, a traditional nation-state, such as France, can adopt one set of laws or policies toward cultural diversity, which would legitimately differ from those that are appropriate for a post-ethnic multination state, a federation, a consociational state, or an empire.
In turn, foreign intervention in groups' affairs, coinciding with growing demographic and spatial pressures, further polarize ethno-sectarian politics and undermines the consociational state (Salamey & Payne, 2008; Salamey & Pearson, 2005, 2007; Salamey & Tabar 2008).
The consociational state needed to act to contain sectarian grievances, but it failed to do so.