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1. Friendly or cooperative association, as between groups or organizations.
2. Ecology A subdivision of an association having one dominant species of plant.
3. A political arrangement in which various groups, such as ethnic or racial populations within a country or region, share power according to an agreed formula or mechanism.

con·so′ci·a′tion·al adj.


(kənˌsoʊ siˈeɪ ʃən, -ʃi-)

1. the act of uniting in association.
2. an association of churches or religious orders.
3. a climax community in which one species is dominant.
[1585–95; < Latin]


 a confederation of churches or religious bodies; an alliance or confederation.
Examples: consociation of acts of providence, 1645; of churches, 1646; of many of the worst acts, 1649; of good spirits, 1656; of tribes for plunder or defence, 1804.
References in periodicals archive ?
The attempt of establishing a consociational state in hopes of later transforming it "represents nothing more than an attempt of a "trade-off between accepting a weak state or conflict that would result in the state's collapse" (Balic- Izmirlija, 2013).
However, the author admitted in her book that this whole problem of attempting to bring the two ethnically, religiously, and linguistically distinct societies together under a consociational state can also be seen from a fairly different viewpoint, which is that the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities operate in fact, independently from each other and each possess their own democratic political systems.
Another option (the one pursued by Walzer) is to develop a typology of different types of states, and to formulate the norms that each type of state should respect--for example, a traditional nation-state, such as France, can adopt one set of laws or policies toward cultural diversity, which would legitimately differ from those that are appropriate for a post-ethnic multination state, a federation, a consociational state, or an empire.
In turn, foreign intervention in groups' affairs, coinciding with growing demographic and spatial pressures, further polarize ethno-sectarian politics and undermines the consociational state (Salamey & Payne, 2008; Salamey & Pearson, 2005, 2007; Salamey & Tabar 2008).