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Related to Consociationalism: centripetalism


1. Friendly or cooperative association, as between groups or organizations.
2. Ecology A subdivision of an association having one dominant species of plant.
3. A political arrangement in which various groups, such as ethnic or racial populations within a country or region, share power according to an agreed formula or mechanism.

con·so′ci·a′tion·al adj.


(kənˌsoʊ siˈeɪ ʃən, -ʃi-)

1. the act of uniting in association.
2. an association of churches or religious orders.
3. a climax community in which one species is dominant.
[1585–95; < Latin]


 a confederation of churches or religious bodies; an alliance or confederation.
Examples: consociation of acts of providence, 1645; of churches, 1646; of many of the worst acts, 1649; of good spirits, 1656; of tribes for plunder or defence, 1804.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is the first major comparison of two power-sharing designs - consociationalism and centripetalism - and it assesses a number of cases central to the debate, including Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Fiji, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi and Northern Ireland.
Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Regional Consociationalism in
More on democracy, we encounter Adisa Avdic-kusmus article Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Moving Beyond Dayton, an exploratory intervention on the Bosniac political system, international protectorate, threatened consociationalism.
In the second republic (after World War II), Austria is considered to be a classic example of consociationalism (Fallend, 2010; Melchior, 2005).
However, Lijphart's book, and his prior work on consociationalism, imply that his version of consensus democracy is designed to foster the inclusion of different religious, linguistic, or ethnic communities.
While consociationalism suggests homogenous units, the centripetalism stresses for heterogeneous units.
Institutionalizing the communal divide, the consociationalism also created electoral incentives for nationalist and unionist political parties to maintain nationalistunionist cleavage structures and political competition based on ethnic divides.
Lebanon gained sovereignty but its fundamental error was to settle on Consociationalism, a political system in which power is shared along confessional lines that Sykes-Picot encouraged because its authors believed that Arabs were not ready to adopt democracy.
While consociationalism can be considered illiberal in its inclination to confine individuals within groups, the Nationalistes' intention was to ensure that French Canadians as a group should be protected; in this it was "ostensibly liberal" (Gray 2000:128).
The chapter also offers an overview of other theories of integration as such functionalism, neofunctionalism, theories of interdependence, structural neorealism, institutionalism, neoliberalism, consociationalism, theories of governance or constructivism (5).
The complex structures of state organization of B&H can (irrespective of international interventionism aimed at achieving peace) ultimately be subsumed under those models that a number of scholars define as consociationalism (Lijphart 1977).