consonant

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consonant

In addition to vowels, the English alphabet is also made up of consonants. While vowels represent open-mouthed speech sounds, consonants represent sounds that are made when part or all of the vocal tract is closed. Because they require a specific position of the lips, cheeks, tongue, etc., there is generally little to no difference in how consonants are pronounced between different speakers of English. (The pronunciation of vowels, on the other hand, can differ drastically depending on dialect).
There are 21 consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, and Z.
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con·so·nant

 (kŏn′sə-nənt)
adj.
1. Being in agreement or accord: remarks consonant with our own beliefs.
2. Corresponding or alike in sound, as words or syllables.
3. Harmonious in sound or tone.
n.
1. A speech sound produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the air stream by any of various constrictions of the speech organs, such as (p), (f), (r), (w), and (h).
2. A letter or character representing such a speech sound.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin cōnsonāns, cōnsonant-, present participle of cōnsonāre, to agree : com-, com- + sonāre, to sound; see swen- in Indo-European roots.]

con′so·nant·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

consonant

(ˈkɒnsənənt)
n
(Grammar) a speech sound or letter of the alphabet other than a vowel; a stop, fricative, or continuant
adj
1. (postpositive; foll by with or to) consistent; in agreement
2. harmonious in tone or sound
3. (Music, other) music characterized by the presence of a consonance
4. (Grammar) being or relating to a consonant
[C14: from Latin consonāns, from consonāre to sound at the same time, be in harmony, from sonāre to sound]
ˈconsonantly adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

con•so•nant

(ˈkɒn sə nənt)

n.
1. a speech sound produced by occluding (p, b, t, d, k, g), diverting (m, n, ng), or obstructing (f, v, s, z, etc.) the flow of air from the lungs (opposed to vowel).
2. a letter or other symbol representing or usu. representing a consonant sound.
adj.
3. in accord: behavior consonant with his character.
4. corresponding in sound, as words.
5. pertaining to or being a musical consonance.
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin consonant-, s. of consonāns, present participle of consonāre to sound with or together. See con-, sonant]
con′so•nant•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

consonant

A speech sound or letter representing one that is not a vowel and is pronounced by constriction, for example, “t.”
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel
speech sound, phone, sound - (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
alveolar, alveolar consonant, dental, dental consonant - a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
aspirate - a consonant pronounced with aspiration
labial, labial consonant - a consonant whose articulation involves movement of the lips
labiodental, labiodental consonant - a consonant whose articulation involves the lips and teeth
nasal, nasal consonant - a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
lingual - a consonant that is produced with the tongue and other speech organs
liquid - a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r')
geminate - a doubled or long consonant; "the `n' in `thinness' is a geminate"
surd, voiceless consonant - a consonant produced without sound from the vocal cords
velar, velar consonant - a consonant produced with the back of the tongue touching or near the soft palate
guttural, guttural consonant, pharyngeal, pharyngeal consonant - a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
vowel, vowel sound - a speech sound made with the vocal tract open
2.consonant - a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant
alphabetic character, letter of the alphabet, letter - the conventional characters of the alphabet used to represent speech; "his grandmother taught him his letters"
Adj.1.consonant - involving or characterized by harmony
harmonious - musically pleasing
2.consonant - in keepingconsonant - in keeping; "salaries agreeable with current trends"; "plans conformable with your wishes"; "expressed views concordant with his background"
consistent - (sometimes followed by `with') in agreement or consistent or reliable; "testimony consistent with the known facts"; "I have decided that the course of conduct which I am following is consistent with my sense of responsibility as president in time of war"- FDR
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

consonant

adjective in agreement, correspondent, consistent, compatible, in accordance, harmonious, concordant, congruous, according Their work is very much consonant with this way of thinking.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

consonant

adjective
2. Characterized by harmony of sound:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
حَرْف سَاكِنحَرْف ساكِن، حَرْف صامِت
souhláska
konsonant
konsonanttikerake
suglasniksuglas
mássalhangzó
samhljóîi
子音
자음
priebalsėpriebalsis
līdzskanis
spoluhláska
soglasnik
konsonant
ตัวพยัญชนะ
phụ âm

consonant

[ˈkɒnsənənt]
A. Nconsonante f
B. ADJ consonant withde acuerdo or en consonancia con
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

consonant

[ˈkɒnsənənt]
nconsonne f
adj (formal) (= compatible) to be consonant with sth → être en accord avec qch
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

consonant

n (Phon) → Konsonant m, → Mitlaut m; consonant shiftLautverschiebung f
adj (Mus) → konsonant (with zu); to be consonant with something (fig)mit etw in Einklang zu bringen sein
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

consonant

[ˈkɒnsənənt] nconsonante f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

consonant

(ˈkonsənənt) noun
any letter of the alphabet except a, e, i, o, u which are vowels.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

consonant

حَرْف سَاكِن souhláska konsonant Konsonant σύμφωνο consonante konsonantti consonne suglasnik consonante 子音 자음 medeklinker konsonant spółgłoska consoante согласный konsonant ตัวพยัญชนะ ünsüz phụ âm 辅音
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
By stressing on the alphabet, actually, Laila is creating a contrasting visual image from a single consonant sound. So, this implies that what we see as a distinction sometimes comes from the same source.
If referring a generic example among many of the same, use the indefinite article "a" or "an" depending on whether the next word begins with a consonant sound ("a briefcase") or a vowel sound ("an umbrella.") If referring to a particular, unique individual, use the definite article "the." Here, where there is only one plaintiff, "the plaintiff" is correct.
We think this may be the result of the Speaker producing a sound similar to /[integral]/ for the first consonant sound (/s/), which explains why 14.41% of the judges understood a word which contains the same vocalic sound as 'sit' but starting with a different consonant sound.
Enunciation and stressing upon the consonant sound work well.
The above mentioned data make it clear that ergative marker appears on the NPs that end with a consonant sound.
Nevertheless, he inclines to the view that in such instances reduplicated graphemes denote the duration of the consonant sound because "Orm schreibt nicht einfachen konsonanten um lange, und nicht dopelten um kurze des vorhergehenden vokals auszudrucken, sondern er schreibt auf grund des gesetzes: 'Konsonantischer silbenauslaut ist kurz nach langem und lang nach kurzem vokal" (Trautmann 1884: 98, 1896:381).
Syllables beginning with a consonant sound plus l or r are also rare in the West African-based names in Gullah.
Such exercises required the child to listen carefully for the slight difference in the beginning consonant sound. As the player improved, the voice sped up.
Appended are: (1) Key Interview Questions; (2) Example Language Approach Modification; (3) First Consonant Sound Alphabet; and (4) Ten Week Curriculum for Use with Preliterate Learners.
Generally, the context and the initial consonant sound of the unknown word gives the needed information for word identification.
As we saw above, we use "a" before a consonant sound and an before a vowel sound.