Constantine VII

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Constantine VII

n
(Biography) known as Porphyrogenitus. 905–59 ad, Byzantine emperor (913–59) and scholar: his writings are an important source for Byzantine history
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Byzantium regarded Khazaria as more important than any Western kingdom, as can be seen from the Byzantine emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus' De Cerimoniis, a treatise written on state protocol in the tenth century, where letters of correspondence to the Khaqan of the Khazars were to be given a gold seal worth three solidi, whereas those addressed to the pope in Rome or the `Emperor in the West' were given a seal worth only two solidi.
Ursinus' 1581 edition was based on copies made in the Escorial in 1574 by Andreas Darmarius of what was at that time the sole surviving manuscript of Constantine Porphyrogenitus' De Legationibus.
What little we know about them is passing reference -bits and pieces in the tenth century from the Arab geographer Muqaddasi and the Byzantine historian Constantine Porphyrogenitus; dreamy dialogue in a theological tract, A 1 Kuzari, by the Jewish poet and philosopher of Moorish Spain, Judah Halevi; various and conflicting reports from Hebrew, Persian, Syrian and Armenian sources; and meditations on these fragments by modern scholars like Toynbee, Bury, Vernadsky, Dunlop and Antal Bartha, a perplexed Hungarian Marxist.

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