Following the US-backed Contra War
of the 1980s and an embezzlement scandal which toppled the rightwing PLC party, the Sandinista's socialist FSLN have been in power since 2006 and the city maintains a wiry political edge to this day, as evidenced by a recent wave of anti-government protests.
While it is true that the Contra War
, the attending economic collapse, and the failure of the Central American revolutions in El Salvador and Guatemala may have ultimately doomed the Nicaraguan Revolution, he says, the revolutionary party FSLN's lack of commitment to democracy contributed significantly to the revolution's failure.
weapons to Iran, and much of the money was used to fund the brutal Contra war
We flew into Nicaragua in the middle of the Contra War
. The shuttle plane from Costa Rica parked on the tarmac, and we stepped out into a night warm as blood.
"Eclipse of the Assassins" sheds new light on the American-instigated "dirty wars" that ravaged all of Latin America in the 1960s, '70s, and '80s and reveal for the first time just how Mexican officials colluded with Washington in its proxy contra war
against the Sandinista government of Nicaragua.
Q: You've harshly criticized the US government for the occupation of Nicaragua in 1912, imposing the dictatorship of the Somoza dynasty on the country for almost half a century and causing the deaths of around 50,000 Nicaraguans in a contra war
. This kind of intervention by the United States in other countries is not unprecedented.
The Contra war
in Nicaragua resulted in the death of our friend Carney, known as "Padre Guadalupe." He had spent 20 years working with the campesinos, became actively involved in the fight against injustice, and was killed by Honduran military.
By contrast, Russia seems to be relishing its contra war
in eastern Ukraine, which at very low cost can keep Ukraine unstable and on the defensive almost indefinitely.
President Ortega didn't do anything to ameliorate historic tensions with the US when he raised the possibility last month of demanding US $17 billion in reparations for damages caused to Nicaragua during the US-backed contra war
(Food production did increase in Nicaragua in the course of the 1990s, but that was a consequence of the establishment of peace and security in the countryside at end of the contra war
.) In Nicaragua, support was channeled to large agro-exporters, and in both Nicaragua and Russia, just about all efforts to sustain social equality were abandoned by governments that proceeded to dismantle cooperative and communal arrangements.
He develops a theory of transnational rebellions and civil wars and then empirically tests it against real- world cases, examining the Contra War
in Nicaragua and the Rwanda insurgency following the 1994 takeover by the Rwandan Patriotic Front in depth.
The group was born in 1980s Nicaragua when a group of potter/activists from the Washington DC area attempted to somehow counter official US involvement in the Contra War
. They started by working with a women's pottery and canning cooperative in Esteli.